• Janet S. Borel
  • Richard A. Anderson
Part of the Biochemistry of the Elements book series (BOTE, volume 3)


Chromium is an essential element for animals and humans. Insufficient dietary chromium leads to signs and symptoms similar to those associated with diabetes and/or cardiovascular diseases. The dietary chromium intake of normal individuals is often less than the suggested mimimum intake. Children with protein-calorie malnutrition, diabetics, and elderly and middle-aged subjects have all been shown to respond to supplemental Cr. Dietary trends such as consuming more highly processed foods that are often not only low in Cr but also stimulate increased losses of body Cr stores may exacerbate existing problems associated with marginal dietary intake of chromium by humans.


Chromium Concentration Oral Glucose Load Trivalent Chromium Chromium Supplementation Glucose Tolerance Factor 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janet S. Borel
    • 1
  • Richard A. Anderson
    • 1
  1. 1.Beltsville Human Nutrition Research CenterU.S. Department of AgricultureBeltsvilleUSA

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