Humic Substances and the Surface Properties of Iron Oxides in Freshwaters

  • E. Tipping


Adsorption by iron oxides in natural waters, sediments and soils is commonly studied in order to understand the biogeochemical behaviour of the adsorbing species, or adsorbate. Prominent examples of such adsorbates are inorganic phosphate (see e.g. Hingston et al. 1968; Ryden et al. 1977) silicate (Hingston et al. 1968; Mott 1970) and trace metals (see e.g. Jenne 1968; Gadde & Laitinen 1974; Forbes et al. 1976). Another reason for studying adsorption is to see how it affects the particulate material itself, by influencing the surface presented to the environment. It is this surface which decides rates and extents of physical association with other particles — and consequently settling rates, grain size etc. In addition, processes such as crystallization and dissolution, as well as catalytic properties, are surface dependent.


Iron Oxide Humic Substance Electrophoretic Mobility Shear Plane Iron Oxide Particle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Davis, J.A. and Leckie, J.O., 1980, Surface ionization and complex-ation at the oxide/water interface. 3. Adsorption of anions. J. Coll. Int. Sci., 74:32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Davison, W., Heaney, S.I., Tailing, J.F. and Rigg, E., 1981, Seasonal transformations and movements of iron in a productive English lake with deep-water anoxia, Schweiz. Z. Hydrol., 42:196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Forbes, E.A., Posner, A.M. and Quirk, J.P., 1976, The specific adsorption of divalent Cd, Co, Cu, Pb and Zn on gpethite, J. Soil Sci., 27:154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gadde, R.R. and Laitinen, H.A., 1974, Studies of heavy metal adsorption by hydrous iron and manganese oxides, Anal. Chem., 46:2022.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gjessing, E.T., 1976, Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Aquatic Humus, Ann Arbor.Google Scholar
  6. Gregory, J., 1978, Effect of polymers on colloid stability, in: “The Scientific Basis of Flocculation” K.J. Ives, ed., Sijthoff and Noordhoff, Alphen aan den Rijn.Google Scholar
  7. Hingston, F.J., Atkinson, R.J., Posner, A.M. and Quirk, J.P., 1968, Specific adsorption of anions on goethite, Trans. 9th Int. Congr. Soil Sci. 1:669.Google Scholar
  8. Hunter, K.A., 1980, Microelectrophoretic properties of natural surface-active organic matter in coastal seawater, Limnol. Oceanogr., 25:807.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hunter, K.A. and Liss, P.S., 1979, The surface charge of suspended particles in estuarine and coastal waters, Nature, 282:823.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jackson, T.A., 1975, Humic matter in natural waters and sediments, Soil Sci., 119:56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jenne, E.A., 1968, Controls on Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu and Zn concentrations in soils and water: the significant role of hydrous Mn and Fe oxides, in Inorganics in Water, Adv. Chem. Ser. No. 73 pp. 337–387. Ann. Chem. Soc.Google Scholar
  12. Loeb, G.I. and Neihof, R.A., 1975, Marine conditioning films, in: Applied Chemistry at Protein Interfaces, R.E. Baier ed., pp. 319–335. Am. Chem. Soc.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lyklema, J., 1978, Surface chemistry of colloids in connection with stability, in: The Scientific Basis of Flocculation, K.J. Ives ed., pp. 3–36”. Sijthoff and Noordhoff, Alphen aan den Rijn.Google Scholar
  14. Mott, C.J.B., 1979, Sorption of anions by soils, in: Sorption and ‘Transport Processes in Soils, pp. 40–53. S.C.I. Monograph No. 37.Google Scholar
  15. Neihof, R.A. and Loeb, G.I., 1972, The surface charge of particulate matter in seawater, Limnol. Oceanogr. 17:7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Neihof, R.A. and Loeb, G.I., 1974, Dissolved organic matter in seawater and the electric charge of immersed surfaces, J. Mar. Res. 32:5.Google Scholar
  17. Ottewill, R.H. and Holloway, L.R., 1975, Electrokinetic properties of particles, in: “Dahlem Workshop on the Nature of Seawater”, Goldberg E.D. ed. pp. 599–621.Google Scholar
  18. Parfitt, R.L., Fraser, A.R. and Farmer, V.C., 1977, Adsorption on hydrous oxides. III. Fulvic and humic acid on goethite, gibbsite and imogolite, J. Soil Sci., 28:289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rubio, J. and Matijevic, E., 1979, Interactions of metal hydrous oxides with chelating agents 1. β-FeOOH-EDTA, J. Coll. Int. Sci., 68:408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ryden, J.C., McLaughlin, J.R. and Syers, J.K., 1977, Mechanisms of phosphate sorption by soils and hydrous ferric oxide gel, J. Soil Sci., 28:72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Schnitzer, M. and Hansen, E.H., 1970, Organo-metallic interactions in soils: 8. An evaluation of methods for the determination of stability constants of metal-fulvic acid complexes, Soil Sci., 109:333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Schnitzer, M. and Khan, S.U., 1972, “Humic Substances in the Environment”, Marcel Dekker, New York.Google Scholar
  23. Shaw, D.J., 1969, “Electrophoresis”, Academic Press.Google Scholar
  24. Tipping, E., 1981a, The adsorption of aquatic humic substances by iron oxides, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 45:191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Tipping, E., 1981b, Adsorption by goethite (α-FeOOH) of humic substances from three different lakes, Chem. Geol., 33:81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Tipping, E. and Cooke, D., 1982, The effects of adsorbed humic substances on the surface charge of goethite (α-FeOOH) in freshwaters, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 46:75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tipping, E., Woof, C. and Cooke, D., 1981, Iron oxide from a seasonally anoxic lake, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 45:1411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Verwey, E.J.W. and Overbeek, J.T.G., 1948, “Theory of the Stability of Lyophobic Colloids”, Elsevier.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Tipping
    • 1
  1. 1.Freshwater Biological AssociationAmbleside, CumbriaUK

Personalised recommendations