Autotrophic Iron-Oxidising Bacteria from the River Tamar

  • F. J. Cameron
  • E. I. Butler
  • M. V. Jones
  • C. Edwards


Bacteria are involved in the transformations of many elements. Their role in the cycles of carbon and nitrogen has been intensively investigated. Their involvement in the biogeochemical cycles of many other elements, especially metals such as iron and manganese, is poorly understood. Considerable interest is now being shown in these transformations because of their economic and ecological importance. This report describes some studies into bacterial iron oxidation and forms part of a wider study of geochemical cycling of iron and manganese in the Tamar estuary.


Iron Oxidation Thiobacillus Ferrooxidans Iron Bacterium Tamar Estuary Leptospirillum Ferrooxidans 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Balashova, V.V., Vedenina, L., Markosyan, G.E. and Zavarin, G.A., 1974, The auxotrophic growth of Leptospirillum ferrooxidans, Mikrobiol., 43:581.Google Scholar
  2. Cameron, F.J., Edwards, C. and Jones, M.V., 1981, Isolation and primary characterization of an iron-oxidizing bacterium from an ochre polluted stream, J. Gen. Microbiol., 124:213.Google Scholar
  3. Chang, Y., Pfeffer, J.T. and Chian, E.S.K., 1980, Distribution of iron in Sphaerotilus and the associated inhibition, Appl. Envir. Microbiol., 40:1049.Google Scholar
  4. Colmer, A.R., Temple, K.L. and Hinkle, M.E., 1950, An iron-oxidizing bacterium from the acid drainage of some bitumous coal mines, J. Bacteriol., 59:317.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Cox, J.C. and Boxer, D.H., 1978, The purification and some properties of rusticyanin, a blue copper protein involved in iron (II) oxidation from Thiob acillus ferrooxidans, Biochem. J., 174:497.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Cullimore, D.R. and McCarm, A.E., 1977, The identification, cultivation and control of iron bacteria in ground water, in “Aquatic Microbiology”. F.A. Skinner and J.M. Shewan, ed., Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  7. Dispirito, A.A., Dugan, P.R. and Tuovinen, O.H., 1981, Inhibitory effects of particulate materials in growing cultures of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans, Biotechnol. Bioeng., Vol. XII:2761.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dugan, P.R. and Lundgren, D.G., 1965, Energy supply for the chemo-autotrophic Ferrobacillus ferrooxidans, J. Bacteriol., 89:825.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Gregory, E., Perry, R.S. and Staley, J.T., 1980, Characterisation, distribution and significance of Metallogenium in Lake Washington, Microbial Ecol., 6:125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kucera, S. and Wolfe, R.S., 1957, A selective enrichment method for Gallionella ferruginea, J. Bacteriol., 74:344.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Lawlis, V.B., Gordon, G.L.R. and McFadden, B.A., 1979, Ribulose 1,5-biphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase from Pseudomonas oxalaticus, J. Bacteriol., 139:287.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Leathen, W.W., Kinsel, N.A. and Braley, S.A., 1956, Ferrobacillus ferrooxidans: A chemosynthetic autotrophic bacterium, J. Bacteriol., 72:700.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Lundgren, D.G., and Dean, W., 1979, Biogeochemistry of Iron, in: “Biogeochemical cycling of mineral-forming elements”, P.A. Trudinger and D.J. Swaine, ed., Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  14. Manning, H., 1975, A new medium for isolating iron-oxidising and heterotrophic acidophiles from acid mine drainage, Appl. Envir. Microbiol., 30:1010.Google Scholar
  15. Morris, A.W., Mantova, R.F.C., Bale, A.J. and Howland, R.J.M., 1978, Very low salinity regions of estuaries: important sites for chemical and biological reactions, Nature 274:678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ottow, J.C.A., 1968, Evaluation of iron-reducing in Aerobacter aerogenes, 2, Allg. Mikrobiol., 8:441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Rheinheimer, G., 1980, “Aquatic Microbiology” 2nd edn., Wiley, Chichester.Google Scholar
  18. Roper, M.M. and Marshall, K.C., 1979, Effects of salinity on sedimentation and of particulates on survival of bacteria in estuarine habitats, Geomicrobiol. J., 1:103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Shiveley, J.M., Ball, F.L. and Kline, B.W., 1973, Electron microscopy of the carboxysomes (polyhedral bodies) of Thiobacillus neapolitanus, J. Bacteriol., 116:1405.Google Scholar
  20. Silverman, M.P. and Ehrlich, H.L., 1964, Microbial formation and degradation of minerals, Adv. Appl. Microbiol., 6:153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Stotzky, G., 1980, Surface interactions between clay minerals and microbes, viruses, and soluble organics, and the probable importance of these interactions to the ecology of microbes in soil, in “Microbial Adhesion to Surfaces”, R.C.W. Berkeley, J.M. Lynch, J. Melling, P.R. Rutter, and B. Vincent, ed., Ellis Horwood, Chichester.Google Scholar
  22. van Veen, W.L., Mulder, E.E. and Deinema, M.H., 1978, The Sphaerotilus-Leptothrix group of bacteria, Microbiol. Rev., 42:329.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Vernön, L.P., Mangum, J.H., Beck, J.V. and Shafia, F.M., 1960, Studies on a ferrous-ion oxidising bacterium II. Cytochrome composition, Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 88:227.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Vishniac, W.V., 1974, Thiobacillus Beijerinck 1904, in “Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology” 8th edn., R.E. Buchanan and N.E. Gibbons, ed., Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  25. Walsh, F. and Mitchell, R., 1972, An acid tolerant, iron oxidizing Metallogenium, J. Gen. Microbiol., 72:369.Google Scholar
  26. Whittenbury, R. and Kelly, D.P., 1977, Autotrophy: a conceptual phoenix, in “Microbial Energetics” Symp. Soc. Gen. Microbiol. 27, B.A. Haddock and W.A. Hamilton ed., Cambridge U.P., Cambridge.Google Scholar
  27. Wolfe, R.S. 1964, Iron and Manganese bacteria in “Principles and applications in aquatic microbiology”, H. Heukelekion and N.C. Dondero, ed., Wiley, New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. J. Cameron
    • 1
  • E. I. Butler
    • 2
  • M. V. Jones
    • 1
  • C. Edwards
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of LiverpoolLiverpoolUK
  2. 2.The LaboratoryMarine Biological AssociationPlymouthUK

Personalised recommendations