Diffusion and Permeation of Gas and Vapors in Polymers

  • Raymond B. Seymour
  • Charles E. CarraherJr.

Abstract

The diffusion of gases and vapors in polymers and the permeability of polymers to gases and vapors are not only of practical significance in packaging and coatings but may also be used to demonstrate the kinetic agitation of the diffusate and the permeate molecules. The diffusion process, such as the dissolution of a polymer in a solvent; the plasticization of a polymer, such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC); and the passing of gases through films, is dependent on random jumps and hole filling by small diffusate molecules.

Keywords

Permeability Polyethylene Rubber Chlorine Alkane 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. J. Crank and G. C. Park, eds., Diffusion in Polymers, Academic Press, New York (1968).Google Scholar
  2. F. Harris, R. B. Seymour, Solubility-Property Relationships in Polymers, Academic Press, New York (1975).Google Scholar
  3. J. H. Hildebrand and H. L. Scott, Solubility of Nonelectrolytes, Reinhold, New York (1950).Google Scholar
  4. P. Meares, Polymer Structure and Bulk Properties, Van Nostrand-Reinhold, New York (1965).Google Scholar
  5. W. R. Moore, Progress in Polymer Science, Vol. 1, A. D. Jenkins, ed., Pergamon Press, New York (1967).Google Scholar
  6. R. B. Seymour and C. E. Carraher, Polymer Chemistry: An Introduction, Chapter 3, Dekker, New York (1981).Google Scholar
  7. R. B. Seymour, and G. A. Stahl, Macromolecular Solutions, Pergamon Press, Elmsford, N.Y. (1982).Google Scholar
  8. V. Stannett and N. Szwarc, J. Polym. Sci. 15, 81 (1955).Google Scholar
  9. S. B. Tuwiner, Diffusion and Membrane Technology, Reinhold, New York (1962).Google Scholar
  10. G. J. van Amerogen, J. Polym. Sci. 5, 307 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. R. Week, N. H. Alex, H. L. Frisch, V. Stannett, and M. Szwarc, Ind. Eng. Chem. 47, 2524 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. H. Yasuda, Permeability constants, Section 5 in Polymer Handbook, J. Brandrup and E. H. Immergut, eds., Wiley-Interscience, New York (1975).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond B. Seymour
    • 1
  • Charles E. CarraherJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Science and TechnologyUniversty of Southem MississippiHattiesburgUSA
  2. 2.College of Science and EngineeringWright State UniverstyDaytonUSA

Personalised recommendations