Multimodal Treatment of Mental Illness in Institutionalized Mentally Retarded Persons
The recognition that mental illness can strike mentally retarded persons, as well as those of normal intelligence, is not new. During the nineteenth century many psychiatrists were actively involved in the field of mental retardation. They provided enlightened clinical care, pursued research, filled important administrative posts, and were effective advocates for the mentally retarded. However, during the period referred to by Menolascino1 as the tragic interlude (1900–1920), psychiatric interest in mental retardation waned. In fact, it was replaced largely by an attitude of despair and helplessness—a change that led to the relative withdrawal of psychiatry from the field. During the last two decades (since the early 1960s), psychiatrists have begun to return to the treatment of mentally retarded persons—especially those with allied symptoms of mental illness—with modern treatment tools and techniques that promise to improve the lives of these individuals.
KeywordsMental Illness Mental Retardation Psychopharmacological Treatment Fluphenazine Decanoate Retarded Patient
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