Multimodal Treatment of Mental Illness in Institutionalized Mentally Retarded Persons

  • William J. Bates


The recognition that mental illness can strike mentally retarded persons, as well as those of normal intelligence, is not new. During the nineteenth century many psychiatrists were actively involved in the field of mental retardation. They provided enlightened clinical care, pursued research, filled important administrative posts, and were effective advocates for the mentally retarded. However, during the period referred to by Menolascino1 as the tragic interlude (1900–1920), psychiatric interest in mental retardation waned. In fact, it was replaced largely by an attitude of despair and helplessness—a change that led to the relative withdrawal of psychiatry from the field. During the last two decades (since the early 1960s), psychiatrists have begun to return to the treatment of mentally retarded persons—especially those with allied symptoms of mental illness—with modern treatment tools and techniques that promise to improve the lives of these individuals.


Mental Illness Mental Retardation Psychopharmacological Treatment Fluphenazine Decanoate Retarded Patient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Menolascino FJ: Psychiatry’s past, current, and future role in mental retardation, in Menolascino FJ (ed): Psychiatric Approaches to Mental Retardation. New York, Basic Books, 1970.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wortis J: The role of psychiatry in mental retardation services, in Mittler P (ed): Research to Practice in Mental Retardation, vol 1. Baltimore, University Park Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rutter M: Psychiatry, in Wortis J (ed): Mental Retardation: An Annual Review, vol 3. New York, Grune and Stratton, 1971.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    President’s Committee on Mental Retardation: Mental Retardation: The Known and the Unknown, DHEW Publication No. (OHD) 76–21008. Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office, 1976.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Menolascino FJ: Emotional disturbance and mental retardation. Am J Ment Defic 70(2);248–256, 1965.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Menolascino FJ: The facade of mental retardation: Its challenge to child psychiatry. Am J Psychiatry 122(11);1227–1235, 1966.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Menolascino FJ: Challenges in Mental Retardation. New York, Basic Books, 1977.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Balthazar E, Stevens H: The Emotionally Disturbed, Mentally Retarded: A Historical and Contemporary Perspective. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, 1975.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Szymanski L: Individual psychotherapy with retarded persons, in Szymanski L, Tanguay P (eds): Emotional Disorders of Mentally Retarded Persons. Baltimore, University Park Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wolpe J: Psychotherapy by Reciprocal Inhibition. Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, 1958.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jacobson E: Progressive Relaxation. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1938.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Budzynski T, Stoyva J: An instrument for producing deep muscle relaxation by means of analogue information feedback. J Appl Behav Anal 2;231–237, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Frankenberger W: Effects of Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Electromyographic Feedback Training on Aggressive Institutionalized Mentally Retarded Adults. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 1979.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • William J. Bates
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA

Personalised recommendations