Advertisement

Thermal and Acoustic Experiments in Low Temperature Glasses

  • M. v. Schickfus
  • W. A. Phillips
  • B. Golding
  • H. v. Lohneysen
  • D. Weaire

Abstract

The low-temperature thermal, acoustic and dielectric properties of glasses differ largely from those of corresponding crystals. Specific heat is enhanced and varies linearly with temperature, whereas thermal conductivity is quadratic in temperature and lower than in crystals. Ultrasonic and dielectric properties are anomalous as well: Absorption is much higher and the velocity of sound and the dielectric constant exhibit a characteristic temperature dependence in all glasses. These anomalies are explained within the framework of a model which assumes tunneling of groups of atoms of the amorphous network between equivalent sites.

Keywords

Metallic Glass Sound Velocity Amorphous Metal Tunneling Model Tunneling System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Amorphous Solids (Topics in Current Physics, Vol. 24); W. A. Phillips, ed. (Springer, Heidelberg 1981).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Glassy Metals I (Topics in Applied Physics, Vol. 46); H.-J. Güntherodt, H. Beck eds. (Springer, Heidelberg 1981).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. v. Löhneysen, Phys. Reports 79, 161 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. W. Hornung, R. A. Fisher, G. E. Brodale, and W. F. Giauque, J. Chem. Phys. 50, 4878 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. C. Zeller and R. O. Pohl, Phys. R. v. B 4, 2029 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. C. Lasjaunias, A. Ravex, M. Vandorpe, and S. Hunklinger, Solid State Comm. 17, 1045 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. B. Stephens, Phys. Rev. B 13, 852 (1976).MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. E. Graebner, B. Golding, R. J. Schutz, F.S.L. Hsu, and H. S. Chen, Phys. Rev. Lett 39, 1480 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. C. Lasjaunias, A. Ravex, and D. Thoulouze, J. Phys. F 9, 803 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. J. Schink, H. v. Löhneysen, W. Sander, and K. Samwer, Physica B+C 108, 389 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Ravex, J. C. Lasjaunias and O. Béthoux, Solid State Comm. 40, 853 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. R. Matey and A. C. Anderson, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 23, 129 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. v. Löhneysen, D. M. Herlach, E. F. Wassermann, and K. Samwer, Solid State Comm. 35, 591 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. W. Anderson, B. I. Halperin, and C. M. Varma, Phil. Mag. 25, 1 (1972).ADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    W. A. Phillips, J. Low-Temp. Phys. 7, 351 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    K. G. Lyon, G. L. Salinger, and C. A. Swenson, Phys. Rev. B 19, 4231 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. Jackie, Z. Physik 257, 212 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 17a.
    J. Jackie, L. Piché, W. Arnold, and S. Hunklinger, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 20, 365 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 18.
    B. Golding, M. v. Schickfus, S. Hunklinger, and K. Dransfeld, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1817 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 19.
    B. Golding, J. E. Graebner, A. B. Kane, and J. L. Black, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1487 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 20.
    S. Hunklinger, W. Arnold, S. Stein, R. Nava, and K. Dransfeld, Phys. Lett. A 42, 253 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 21.
    B. Golding, J. E. Graebner, B. I. Halperin, and R. J. Schutz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 223 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 22.
    M. Schmidt, R. Vacher, J. Pelous, and S. Hunklinger, Proc. 5th Int. Conf. — The Physics of Non-Crystalline Solids (1982).Google Scholar
  24. 23.
    P. Doussineau, J. de Physique Lett. 42, L-83 (1981).Google Scholar
  25. 24.
    M. v. Schickfus and S. Hunklinger, Phys. Lett. A 64, 144 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 25.
    A. K. Raychaudhuri and S. Hunklinger, Proc. 5th Int. Conf. — The Physics of Non-Crystalline Solids (1982).Google Scholar
  27. 26.
    G. Federle and S. Hunklinger, Proc. 5th Int. Conf. — The Physics of Non-Crystalline Solids (1982).Google Scholar
  28. 27.
    W. Arnold, A. Billmann, P. Doussineau, and A. Levelut, f. de Physique C6 42, 37 (1981).Google Scholar
  29. 27a.
    W. Arnold, A. Billmann, P. Doussineau, and A. Levelut, Proc. 5th Int. Conf. — The Physics of Non-Crystalline Solids (1982).Google Scholar
  30. 28.
    L. Piché, R. Maynard, S. Hunklinger, and J. Jackie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 1426 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 29.
    M. v. Schickfus and S. Hunklinger, J. Phys. C9, L439 (1976).Google Scholar
  32. 30.
    G. Bellessa, J. Phys. C 10, L 285 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 31.
    F. L. Black and P. Fulde, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 453 (1979). G. Weiss and S. Hunklinger, private communciation.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 32.
    P. J. Anthony and A. C. Anderson, Phys. Rev. B 20, 763 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 33.
    A. K. Raychaudhuri, Phonon Scattering in Condensed Matter, H. J. Maris ed., Plenum N.Y. 1980.Google Scholar
  36. 34.
    G. Bellessa, P. Doussineau, and A. Levelut, J. de Physique Lett. 38, L-65 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 35.
    G. Weiss, S. Hunklinger, and H. v. Löhneysen, Phys. Lett. 85, 84 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 36.
    M. T. Loponen, R. C. Dynes, V. Narayanamurti, and J. P. Garno, Phys. Rev. B. 25, 1167 (1982).ADSGoogle Scholar
  39. 37.
    M. Meissner and K. Spitzmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 265 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 38.
    J. Zimmermann and G. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 661 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 39.
    H. Tietje, M. v. Schickfus, and E. Gmelin, Proc. 5th Int. Conf. — The Physics of Non-Crystalline Solids (1982).Google Scholar
  42. 40.
    M. W. Klein, B. Fischer, A. C. Anderson, and P. J. Anthony, Phys. Rev. B 18, 5887 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 40a.
    B. Fischer and M. W. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 289 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 41.
    R. J. Rollefson, Phys. Rev. B 5, 3235 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 42.
    E. Gmelin and K. Guckelsberger, J. Phys. C14, L21 (1981).ADSGoogle Scholar
  46. 43.
    D. A. Ackermann, D. Moy, R. C. Potter, A. C. Anderson, and W. N. Lawless, Phys. Rev. B 23, 3886 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 44.
    T. Baumann, M. v. Schickfus, S. Hunklinger, and J. Jackie, Solid State Comm. 35, 587 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 45.
    P. J. Anthony and A. C. Anderson, Phys. Rev. B 16, 3827 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 46.
    P. Doussineau, C. Frénois, R. G. Leisure, A. Levelut, and J. Y. Prieur, J. de Physique 41, 1193 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 47.
    U. Strom, M. v. Schickfus, and S. Hunklinger, Phys. Rev. B 25, 2405 (1982).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 48.
    C. Laermans, A. M. de Goer, and M. Locatelli, Phys. Lett. A 80, 331 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 49.
    M. Hofacker and H. v. Löhneysen, Z. Physik B 42, 291 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 50.
    J. W. Gardner and A. C. Anderson, Phys. Rev. B 23, 474 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 51.
    C. Laermans, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 250 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 52.
    B. Golding and J. E. Graebner, in “Phonon Scattering in Condensed Matter”, H. J. Maris ed., Plenum N.Y. 1980.Google Scholar
  56. 53.
    J. Chaussy, J. Le G. Gilchrist, J. C. Lasjaunias, and M. Saint-Paul, J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 40, 1073 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 54.
    U. Bartell and S. Hunklinger, Proc. 5th Int. Conf. — The Physics of Non-Crystalline Solids (1982).Google Scholar
  58. 55.
    D. P. Jones, N. Thomas, and W. A. Phillips, Phil. Mag. B 38, 271 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 56.
    H. v. Löhneysen and H. J. Schink, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1121 (1982).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 57.
    M. v. Haumeder, U. Strom, and S. Hunklinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 84 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 58.
    M. v. Haumeder, unpublished.Google Scholar
  62. 59.
    S. Hunklinger, J. de Physique C6–39, 1444 (1978).Google Scholar
  63. 1.
    M. von Schickfus, Chapter II.Google Scholar
  64. 2.
    W. A. Phillips, J. Low Temp. Phys. 7, 351 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 3.
    H. v. Lohneysen and H. J. Schink, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1121 (1982).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 4.
    C. N. King, W. A. Phillips, and J. P. de Neufville, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 538 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. v. Schickfus
    • 1
  • W. A. Phillips
  • B. Golding
  • H. v. Lohneysen
    • 2
  • D. Weaire
    • 3
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für FestkörperforschungStuttgart 80Germany
  2. 2.Physikalisches InstitutRhein.-Wesf. HochschuleAachenGermany
  3. 3.University College, DublinDublinIreland

Personalised recommendations