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Resonant Energy Transfer in Ruby and Anderson Localization

  • H. M. Gibbs
  • S. Chu
  • S. L. McCall
  • A. Passner
  • J. H. Davies
  • D. L. Huber

Abstract

Direct measurements of energy transfer among single chromium ions in ruby show that the dominant interaction is dipole-dipole and the transfer time is long (approximately milliseconds for 0.25 wt.% Cr concentration). The direct methods utilize transient-grating, transient-electric-field, and fluorescence-line-narrowing techniques. Indirect measurements of ion-ion transfer which utilize third- and fourth-nearest-neighbor traps were first thought to signify fast (submicrosecond) transfer. However, simulations of single-ion and trap decays which neglect ion-ion transfer but include ion-trap transfer and a small amount of radiation trapping explain the data. Since the ion-ion transfer is dipole-dipole, it cannot give rise to an Anderson transition between localized and extended states. This explains recent failures to observe mobility edges in ruby with Cr concentrations up to 1%.

Keywords

Radiative Transfer Localization Phenomenon Anderson Localization Mobility Edge Photon Echo 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. M. Gibbs
    • 1
  • S. Chu
    • 2
  • S. L. McCall
    • 2
  • A. Passner
    • 2
  • J. H. Davies
  • D. L. Huber
  1. 1.Optical Sciences CenterUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  2. 2.Bell Telephone LaboratoriesMurray HillUSA

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