Epstein—Barr Virus

  • Alfred S. Evans
  • James C. Niederman


Epstein—Barr virus (EBV), a member of the herpes group of viruses, is the cause of heterophile-positive infectious mononucleosis, of most heterophile-negative cases, and of occasional cases of tonsillitis and pharyngitis in childhood. Rarely, it may involve the liver or central nervous system as primary manifestations. This virus is strongly implicated as having a causal relationship to African Burkitt lymphoma and to nasopharyngeal cancer. High antibody titers are also present in 30–40% of cases of Hodgkin’s disease, in some patients with sarcoidosis, and in systemic lupus erythematosus.


Burkitt Lymphoma Infectious Mononucleosis Early Antigen Military Academy Clinical Infectious Mononucleosis 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfred S. Evans
    • 1
  • James C. Niederman
    • 2
  1. 1.WHO Serum Reference Bank, Section of International Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology and Public HealthYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Department of Epidemiology and Public HealthYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA

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