Biodegradation in the Estuarine-Marine Environments and the Genetically Altered Microbe

  • Al W. Bourquin
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 28)


Many chemicals enter the marine and estuarine environment through a variety of routes. These routes include dumping, direct application, outfalls, accidental spills, and land runoff or rainfall. Some of these compounds are toxic to the biota or may be converted to toxic products in nature. The fate and ecological effects of these chemicals in estuarine environments is part of the concern of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Laboratory at Gulf Breeze, Florida. Toxicity results when an organism is exposed to a sufficient concentration of a compound. Therefore, fate greatly influences the cumulative effect of a chemical on the biota.


Biochemical Oxygen Demand Methyl Parathion Estuarine Environment Range Point Control Core 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Al W. Bourquin
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Research LaboratoryU.S. Environmental Protection AgencyGulf BreezeUSA

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