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Microbial Enzymes and Lignocellulose Utilization

  • Ross D. BrownJr.
  • Mikelina Gritzali
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 28)

Abstract

Although lignocellulose always has been a principal component of man’s food, fuel, and fiber, there has been for the past decade an increased interest in utilization of these materials by new and improved “bioconversion” processes. Since lignocellulose is the most abundant constituent of biomass, attention has been directed to several relatively inexpensive sources, such as agricultural, industrial, and municipal wastes. The biological reactions of the carbon cycle which are responsible for the conversion of lignin and cellulose turn over some 1011 tons/year (1). The variety of microorganisms which mediate the reactions, the extracellular conditions under which the reactions take place, and the products to which lignocellulose is converted are of scientific interest as well as being potentially valuable for technological applications. Studies of these processes range from determination of precise chemical mechanisms to analysis of microbial associations responsible for the multiplicity of reactions needed to convert the heterogeneous lignocellulose to metabolic intermediates and end products.

Keywords

Cellulase Production Lignin Degradation Trichoderma Reesei Phanerochaete Chrysosporium Cellulase Enzyme 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ross D. BrownJr.
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mikelina Gritzali
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Institute of Food and Agricultural SciencesUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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