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Monitoring Follicular Development with Ultrasound

  • Nabil F. Maklad

Abstract

Ultrasound scanning of the pelvis to demonstrate the ovaries and to directly visualize the presence, size, and number of developing follicles has significantly increased over the past few years as a safe and reliable noninvasive method and has become an integral part of most in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) programs throughout the world. Ultrasound has been used to assess human follicular development in spontaneous cycles (Queenan et al., 1980), and in stimulated cycles during which patients were given either clomiphene citrate (O’Herlihy et al., 1980a), human menopausal gonadotropin (Ylostalo et al., 1981), or a combination of both (Hoult et al., 1981). Although many centers treating human infertility by IVF-ET utilize primarily measurements of serum or urinary estrogen to monitor follicular maturation (see Chapter 9), essentially all centers also rely upon ultrasonographic scanning to determine follicular size, location, and number.

Keywords

Embryo Transfer Corpus Luteum Ovarian Follicle Follicular Development Dominant Follicle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nabil F. Maklad

There are no affiliations available

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