Mental Health Services in the United Kingdom
As in many other countries, the mental health services in the UK were based, until recently, on large mental hospitals, many of which were located several miles from the districts they served. They had begun as small asylums during the early part of the nineteenth century, set up because the conditions of what might be called the ‘community care’ of those days were appallingly bad. The intention was to establish places of refuge and resocialisation, run according to the educational principles of the Enlightenment, as an alternative to the private madhouses, the ’single care’ and the workhouses that were then the only alternatives to vagrant destitution. The standards of humane care, known as ’moral treatment’, achieved in the best asylums were not adopted everywhere but they did represent generally accepted ideas and aims.
KeywordsMental Health Service Residential Care Group Home Mental Hospital Evaluative Research
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