Mental Health Care — The Role of Non-Medical Community Institutions: A Philippine Experience
Mental health care relies heavily on the network of relationships that exist within the immediate and wider social group. When mental illness occurs, such care is influenced by the perceptions and reactions of the patient’s family, those of the community at large as well as specifically those of relevant community agents, health and social workers, religious leaders, the police, etc., whose interventions need to be mobilized. Such a network of human relationships is crucial in the face of manpower, financial and attitudinal constraints to mental health care presently existing in developing countries. In these countries, it has been the prevailing opinion that it is more appropriate to mobilize existing community institutions to respond to the mental health problems of the community members rather than initiate new and specialized ones. To accomplish this, the community must be able to identify not only those institutions which can play a significant role in the development of a support network for mentally disturbed individuals, but also identify strategies to mobilize the specific institutions and their resources toward addressing the mental health problems of the community members as a priority. It is vital that this is recognized and accepted by existing care givers entrusted with mental health care in the community.
KeywordsMental Health Health Worker Mental Health Problem Mental Health Care Prevailing Opinion
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Agbayani, B., M.D., Damian, A., M.D., and Mendoza, C., (ed), Proceedings and Selected Writings on Paraprofessional Health Workers Manpower Development, Mozar Press, Manila, Philippines, 1975.Google Scholar
- 2.Argyle, M., (ed), Social Encounters: Readings in Social Interaction, Penguin Books Ltd., Harmondsworth, Middlessex, England, 1973.Google Scholar
- 3.Arieti, S., Caplan, G., (ed), American Handbook of Psychiatry, Vol. II, Basic Books Inc., New York, U.S.A., 1974.Google Scholar
- 5.Eaton, J., (ed), Institution Building and Development, Sage Publication, Beverly Hills, London, 1972.Google Scholar
- 6.Ladrido-Ignacio, L., “The WHO Collaborative Study on Strategies for Extending Mental Health Care in General Health Care” the Philippine study, Report to the Regional Coordinating Group Meeting, WHO Western Pacific Region, Manila, Philippines, 25 April - 1 May, 1979.Google Scholar
- 7.Ladrido-Ignacio, L., “A Historical Perspective of the Philippine Community Mental Health Movement”, in Today’s Priorities in Mental Health, Symposia Specialists, Inc., Florida, U.S.A., 1978.Google Scholar
- 8.Jocano, F.I., Slum as a Way of Life, University of the Philippine Press, Q.C., Philippines, 1975.Google Scholar
- 9.Kiev, A., Transcultural Psychiatry, Penguin Books Ltd., Harmondsworth, Middlessex, Philippines, 1972.Google Scholar