The Pharmacological Management of Mood and Emotion

  • S. J. Nijdam


Addressing himself to psychopathology, Klerman refers to mood as the individual’s subjective experience including his perception of his inner emotional state. Emotion includes the individual’s own self-perception as well as the behavioral and psychophysiological concomitant phenomena which can be observed by others. Human emotions are very complex of course. Efforts, such as those of Ekman continue to be made in order to discern basic ubiquitous emotions like happiness, sadness, anger, fear, surprise and disgust. The task is not easy because cognitive factors do influence one’s emotional states and the interpretation one gives to conditions of arousal.


Psychotropic Drug Human Emotion Depressive Syndrome Paradoxical Reaction Endogenous Depression 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    Delay J. et Deniker, P. Méthodes chimiothérapiques en psychiatrie. Paris: Masson Cie, 1961Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ekman, P. (Ed.). Darwin and facial expression. New York: Academic Press, 1973.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Klerman, G.L. Handbook of studies on anxiety. (G.D. Burrows and B. Davies, Eds.). North Holland: Elsevier, 1980 (p. 149 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. J. Nijdam
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NijmegenMilsbeekThe Netherlands

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