Panic Disorder

Medical and Psychological Parameters
  • Rolf G. Jacob
  • Mark D. Rapport


Panic, as an individual experience, is an extreme form of anxiety or terror. Usually panic tends to occur in life-threatening situations, especially when it is unclear whether avenues of escape are available. An informative, subjective account of such intense anxiety was provided by Casey (1978), who described his experience of waking up from general anesthesia while remaining com pletely paralyzed by curare. Such experiences of panic can have profound and long-lasting effects. For example, Campbell, Sanderson, and Laverty (1964) reported a finding, later dramatized in the film Clockwork Orange, that stimuli classically conditioned to brief episodes of Scoline-induced respiratory paralysis produced conditioned anxiety responses that failed to habituate, even after 300 extinction trials extending over several months.


Generalize Anxiety Disorder Panic Disorder Panic Attack Mitral Valve Prolapse Anticipatory Anxiety 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rolf G. Jacob
    • 1
  • Mark D. Rapport
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Western Psychiatric Institute and ClinicUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Rhode IslandKingstonUSA

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