Shorebirds pp 83-123 | Cite as

Population Dynamics of Shorebirds

  • P. R. Evans
  • M. W. Pienkowski


In some parts of the world, shorebird populations have been monitored for more than 10 years by counts in their nonbreeding range (Prater, 1982). In particular, midwinter counts over the whole of western Europe have given good indications of the year-to-year changes in the populations of several sandpiper (Scolopacidae) species breeding in discrete Arctic areas such as western Siberia or Greenland. These counts indicate fluctuations within ± 50% of the mean, as in Red Knot Calidris canutus from Greenland/Ellesmere Island, apparently associated with annual variations in weather on the breeding grounds. Much less is known of the total populations, or fluctuations in these, of most plover (Charadrii) species, which are found in drier tropical regions. Those waders that are restricted to intertidal habitats in the nonbreeding season provide some of the few examples of smaller birds whose regional populations can be assessed relatively easily and accurately even though they contain many hundreds of thousands of individuals.


Clutch Size Breeding Area Summer Mortality Nonbreeding Season Western Sandpiper 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. R. Evans
    • 1
  • M. W. Pienkowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of DurhamDurhamEngland

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