Shorebirds pp 17-81 | Cite as

Shorebirds as Marine Animals

  • Joanna Burger


Marine biologists usually consider marine animals to include those organisms that live in the seas, bays, and estuaries. Traditionally, they have studied marine mammals (such as seals, dolphins, porpoises, whales), marine fishes, and a myriad of invertebrates whose entire life cycles are normally restricted to salt water habitats. Even within the traditionally defined marine fauna, some organisms such as sea lions spend a considerable portion of their breeding season on land, although they are usually restricted to offshore or coastal islands free from terrestrial predators.


Salt Marsh Freshwater Marsh Marine Bird Migrant Shorebird Nonbreeding Season 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joanna Burger
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology and Bureau of Biological ResearchRutgers UniversityPiscatawayUSA

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