Management Measurability and the Immeasurable

  • David E. Mason
Part of the Nonprofit Management and Finance book series (NOMA)


Long before the development of commerce, our remote ancestors had already found that they could accomplish more by cooperating in small groups than by laboring alone. Hunting in bands enabled them to kill the larger animals with relative safety. They could defend themselves better when several families lived together. So the family, clan, hunting group, and primitive arrangements for specialization and the exchange of goods—subsistence barter—existed as nonprofit entities prior to the establishment of either profit-making organizations or government. Not until a surplus developed was it possible to have profit. Government was necessary in order to enforce matters that were for the common good but that required some form of coercion.


Management Measurability Voluntary Sector Voluntary Enterprise Hunting Group Remote Ancestor 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • David E. Mason
    • 1
  1. 1.Supportive Services, Inc.New OrleansUSA

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