Social-Network Considerations in the Alcohol Field

  • Carl A. Maida


This chapter reviews the literature on social networks in the alcohol field. The review focuses on the dynamics of the social-network system and network analysis. Stressors to recently urbanized persons are also examined in a discussion of social adaptation, social identity, and networks. The findings of several studies that are summarized indicate that there is a crisis in changing cultural styles and social values that develops after migration and resettlement. An aspect of this review suggests that social networks may be utilized as stress -buffering strategies in both a constructive and a destructive fashion during these periods of crisis. The author describes these networks as pathways to care and illustrates how they might play a significant role in alcoholism-treatment and recovery programs. Finally, the author concludes with some possible directions for future research on the systematic study of social bonds.


Social Network Corporate Group Recovery Program Significant Person Alcoholic Anonymous 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Gluckman M: Anthropological problems arising from the African industrial revolution, in Southall A (ed): Social Change in Modern Africa. London, Oxford University Press, 1961, pp 67–82.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mayer P: Townsmen or Tribesmen. London, Oxford University Press, 1971.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Banton M: Urbanization and role analysis, in Southall A (ed): Urban Anthropology. New York, Oxford University Press, 1973, pp 43–70.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Little K: Urbanization and regional associations: Their paradoxical functions, in Southall A (ed): Urban Anthropology. New York, Oxford University Press, 1973, pp 407–423.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mitchell JC: The concept and use of social networks, in Mitchell JC (ed): Social Networks in Urban Situations. Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1969, pp 1–50.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Barnes JA: Networks and political process, in Mitchell JC (ed): Social Networks in Urban Situations. Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1969, pp 51–76.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mitchell JC: Networks, norms and institutions, in Boissevain J, Mitchell JC (eds): Network Analysis. The Hague, Mouton, 1973, pp 15–35.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bott E: Family and Social Network, 2nd ed. New York, Free Press, 1971.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Young M, Willmott P: Family and Kinship in East London. London, Penguin, 1957.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Liebow E: Tally’s Corner. Boston, Little, Brown, 1967.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hannerz U: Soulside. New York, Columbia University Press, 1969.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Stack CB: All Our Kin. New York, Harper & Row, 1974.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hansen EC: From political association to public tavern: Two phases of urbanization in rural Catalonia (Spain). Ann NY Acad Sci 220:508–521, 1974.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lomnitz LA: Networks and Marginality. New York, Academic Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Cabrai SL: “Time-out” The recreational use of drugs by Portugese-American immigrants in southeastern New England. J Drug Issues 10:287–299, 1980.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hill TW: Drunken comportment of urban Indians: “Time-out” behavior. J Anthropol Res 34:442–467, 1978.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Waddell JO: Drinking as a means of articulating social and cultural values: Papagos in an urban setting, in Waddell JO, Everett MW (eds): Drinking Behavior among Southwest Indians. Tucson, University of Arizona Press, 1980, pp 47–82.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Matthiasson JS: You scratch my back and I’ll scratch yours: Continuities in Inuit social relationships, in Hamer J, Steinbring J (eds): Alcohol and Native Peoples of the North. Washington, DC, University Press of America, 1980, pp 73–87.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Berreman GD: Social categories and social interaction in urban India, in Friedl J, Chrisman, N (eds): City Ways. New York, Crowell, 1975, pp 207–233.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rubington E: Variations in bottle-gang controls, in Rubington E, Weinberg MS (eds): Deviance. New York, Macmillan, 1968, pp 308–316.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Brody H: Indians on skid row: Alcohol in the life of urban Indians, in Hamer J, Steinbring J (eds): Alcohol and Native Peoples of the North. Washington, DC, University Press of America, 1980, pp 209–266.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Topper MD: Drinking patterns, culture change, sociability and Navajo “adolescents.” Addict Dis 1:97–116, 1974.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hill TW: From hell-raiser to family man, in Spradley JP, McCurdy DW (eds): Conformity and Conflict. Boston, Little, Brown, 1974, pp 186–200.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Jessor R, Collins MI, Jessor SL: On becoming a drinker: Social-psychological aspects of an adolescent transition. Ann NY Acad Sci 197:199–213, 1972.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Heath DB: Detenriining the sociocultural context of alcohol use. J Stud Alcohol Suppl 9:9–17, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bahr HM, Caplow T: Old Men Drunk and Sober. New York, New York University Press, 1973.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Wiseman JP: Stations of the Lost. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1979.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Strug DL, Hyman MM: Social networks of alcoholics. J Stud Alcohol 42:855–884, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Corrigan EM: Alcoholic Women in Treatment. New York, Oxford University Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Beckman LJ, Amaro H: Barriers to treatment among Anglo women alcoholics. Los Angeles, Alcohol Research Center, Neuropsychiatric Institute, University of California, 1982.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Pattison EM: Social system psychotherapy. Am J Psychother 27:396–409, 1973.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Pattison EM, Defrancisco D, Wood P, et al: A psychosocial kindship model for family therapy. Am J Psychiatry 132:1246–1251, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Favazza A: Alcohol and special populations. J Stud Alcohol Suppl 9:87–98, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Pattison EM: A multivariate-multimodal model of alcoholism, in Pattison EM (ed): Selection of Treatment of Alcoholics. New Brunswick, New Jersey, Rutgers Center of Alcohol Studies, 1982, pp 10–19.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Pattison EM, Coe R, Rhodes RJ: Evaluation of alcoholism treatment: A comparison of three facilities. Arch Gen Psychiatry 20:478–488.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Pattison EM, Coe R, Doerr HO: Population variation among alcoholism treatment facilities. Int J Addict 8:199–229, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Galanter M, Karasu TB, Wilder JF: Alcohol and drug abuse consultation in the general hospital: A system approach Am J Psychiatry 133:930–934, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    King LM, Williams LA, Maida CA: Alcoholism demonstration project: An ethnographic assessment of the effectiveness of service delivery of three alcoholism treatment settings. Los Angeles Fanon Research and Development Center, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Charles R. Drew Medical School, 1981.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Weibel-Orlando JC: Alcoholism treatment programs as flawed rites of passage. Presented at the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology, Lexington, Kentucky, March 1982.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    O’Briant RG, Lennard HL, Allen SD, et al: Recovery from Alcoholism. Springfield, Illinois, Charles C Thomas, 1973.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Borkman, T: A social-experiential model in programs for alcoholism recovery: A research report on a new treatment design. Rockville, Maryland, US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration, National Institute on Alcohol and Alcoholism, Services Analysis Branch, Division of Alcoholism Services Development, 1982.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Moos RH, Finney JW, Chan DA: The process of recovery from alcoholism. I. Comparing alcoholic patients and matched community controls. J Stud Alcohol 42:383–402, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Coombs RH (ed): Junkies and Straights. Lexington, Massachusetts, Heath, 1975.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Coombs RH, Fry LJ, Lewis PG (eds): Socialization in Drug Abuse. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Schenkman, 1976.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Tucker MB: Social support and coping: Applications for the study of female drug abuse. J Soc Issues 38:117–137, 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Levin LS, Katz AH, Holst E (eds): Self Care. New York, Prodist, 1979.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Valle R, Vega W (eds): Hispanic Natural Support Systems. Sacramento, Department of Mental Health, State of California, 1980.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Antonovsky A: Health, Stress and Coping. San Francisco, Jossey-Bass, 1979.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl A. Maida
    • 1
  1. 1.Adult Psychiatry Program, Neuropsychiatric Institute, Center for the Health SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

Personalised recommendations