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Abstract

Ribosomes, ubiquitous nucleoprotein particles, are the only cell organelles found in all organisms. These supramolecular complexes, essential in the biosynthesis of proteins, translate genetic information into protein. The ribosomes of all organisms are constructed by the same architectural plan. Prokaryotic cells contain one chromosome and a large number of ribosomes. The cytoplasmic ribosomes of eukaryotes occur either in free form or bound to the surface of the endoplasmic reticulum. In eukaryotic cells, ribosomes are also found in the cell nucleus and in organelles such as mitochondria and chloroplasts. Mitochondrial and chloroplastic ribosomes from eukaryotic cells resemble those of bacteria in many respects. This fact is explained by a hypothesis of metabolic endosymbiosis (Lehninger, 1975).

Keywords

Ribosomal Protein Small Subunit Peptide Synthesis Activate Amino Acid Architectural Plan 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tadayoshi Nakashima
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Molecular and Cellular EvolutionUniversity of MiamiCoral GablesUSA

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