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The Proton-Translocating Membrane ATPase (F1F0) in Streptococcus faecalis (faecium)

  • Adolph Abrams

Abstract

It is generally believed that a proton-translocating ATPase, referred to as the F1F0 ATPase, is present universally in bacterial cell membranes. It is also apparent that, at the level of quaternary structure, the bacterial enzyme is essentially identical to the F1F0 ATPase localized in membranes of mitochondria, photosynthesizing organelles, and certain secretory vesicles within eukaryotic cells. Theoretically, all F1F0 ATPases are considered to be reversible, but physiologically the enzyme may operate mainly or only in one direction. In mitochondria or respiring bacteria, for example, the enzyme mediates oxidative phosphorylation energized by a transmembrane electrochemical potential of H+ ions, the proton-motive force (PMF), generated by a respiratory chain. On the other hand, in an organism like S. faecalis (faecium), which lacks a respiratory chain, or in secretory vesicles, the F1F0 ATPase functions only as a hydrolase and ATP hydrolysis is coupled to the generation of a PMF. The PMF is then harnessed to drive active transport. Finally, in a facultative organism like E. coli, the enzyme may function either as an ATP synthetase or hydrolase depending on whether the organism derives its energy from respiration or from anaerobic glycolysis as dictated by environmental circumstances.

Keywords

Adenosine Triphosphatase Bacterial Cell Membrane Osmotic Stabilizer Streptococcus Faecalis Chemiosmotic Theory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adolph Abrams
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics, and GeneticsUniversity of Colorado Health Sciences CenterDenverUSA

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