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Role of Membrane Fluidity in the Expression of Biological Functions

  • Juan Yguerabide
  • Evangelina E. Yguerabide

Abstract

Biological membranes are composed of proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates. It is generally agreed that proteins are the components most directly responsible for the great diversity of functions displayed by natural membranes while the lipids, arranged in a bimolecular leaflet, provide a highly impermeable and supportive matrix for the proteins. Some of the membrane proteins, the so-called integral membrane proteins, extend into the hydrophobic regions of the lipid bilayer and are exposed on at least one of the membrane surfaces or may span the lipid bilayer and be exposed on both surfaces. Other membrane proteins, the peripheral proteins, are noncovalently attached to the membrane surface and do not extend significantly into hydrophobic regions of the membrane. The carbohydrates reside on the membrane surface, covalently attached to proteins or lipids. The lipid bilayer is not a static structure but can exist in different dynamic states in which the lipid molecules exhibit different degrees of rotational, segmental, and lateral mobilities. When mobility is high, the membrane is said to be in a high fluid state and free membrane proteins can readily translate and rotate in the lipid bilayer.

Keywords

Lipid Bilayer Lipid Composition Membrane Fluidity Polar Head Fluorescence Anisotropy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan Yguerabide
    • 1
  • Evangelina E. Yguerabide
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of California at San DiegoLa JollaUSA

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