Exclusive Paths and Difficult Choices

An Analysis of Hard, Soft, and Moderate Energy Paths
  • Ian A. Forbes
  • Joe C. Turnage


This paper has been prepared as a contribution to the growing debate concerning the evolution of viable alternative energy futures. We bring to it certain biases, the preeminent one being our agreement with the World Council of Churches on the ethical requirement that alternative futures on a global basis be “just and sustainable.” In this contribution to the dialogue and with this ethical bias we argue basically for a process by which one may objectively analyze the desirability of future energy goals. To us this process includes an equitable assessment of risks, a formulation strategy that is realistic, and an explicit consideration of the uncertainties of the current data base and those that always exist when one looks to the future [l–3].


Wind Turbine Capital Cost Heat Pump Energy Future Energy Strategy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian A. Forbes
    • 1
  • Joe C. Turnage
    • 2
  1. 1.Energy Research Group, Inc.WalthamUSA
  2. 2.Delian CorporationDel MarUSA

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