Advertisement

Autonomic Ganglia and Their Biochemistry

  • Jack D. Klingman

Abstract

The systemic involuntary control of animal visceral function is supported and controlled by the autonomic nervous system. The biochemical subtlety and the pathologies of this system are not often appreciated (re: pineal, iris, spleen T-cells, heart, and gastrointestinal tract, to mention a few). An understanding, then, of this system’s biology, particularly its ontogeny, developmental control, and biochemical functions, allows not only an understanding of this system but also of the more complex systems of the CNS.

Keywords

Nerve Growth Factor Dorsal Root Ganglion Tyrosine Hydroxylase Sympathetic Ganglion Superior Cervical Ganglion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Gaskell, W. H., 1916, The Involuntary Nervous System IX, Longmans, Green, London.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Langley, J. N., 1921, The Autonomic Nervous System, W. Heffer and Sons, Ltd., Cambridge.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Le Douarin, N. M., 1980, Curr. Top. Exp. Biol. 16:32–85.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Le Douarin, N. M., and Smith, J., 1981, Annu. Rev. Physiol. 43:653–671.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Weston, J. A., 1981, Adv. Neurol. 29:77–85.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Varon, S., and Adler, R., 1981, Adv. Cell Neurobiol. 21:115–163.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Levi-Montalcini, R., 1982, Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 5:341–362.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yankner, B. A., and Shooter, E. M., 1982, Annu. Rev. Biochem. 51:845–868.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Harper, G. P., and Thoenen, H., 1980, J. Neurochem. 34:5–16.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Black, I. B., Coughlin, M. D., and Cochard, P., 1979, Soc. Neurosci. Symp. 4:184–207.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Black, I. B., 1982, Science 215:1198–1204.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Varon, S., and Bunge, R., 1978, Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 1:327–362.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Eränkö, O., Soinila, S., and Paivarenta, H., 1980, Adv. Biochem. Psychopharmacol. 25:35–42.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kharkevich, D. A. (ed.), 1980, Pharmacology of Ganglionic Transmission, Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, Volume 53, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Salzer, J. L., and Bunge, R. P., 1980, J. Cell Biol. 84:739–752.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Salzer, J. L., Williams, A. K., Glaser, J., and Bunge, R. P., 1980, J. Cell Biol. 84:753–778.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Skok, V. I., 1980, Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, Volume 53 (D. A. Kharkevich, ed.), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 9–39.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    McCarthy, K. D., and Partlow, L. M., 1976, Brain Res. 114:391–414.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wolf, G. A., 1941, J. Comp. Neurol. 75:235–243.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ebbesson, S. O., 1963, Anat. Rec. 4:353–356.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kosterlitz, H. W., 1968, Handbook of Physiology, Section 6: Alimentary Canal, Part 4, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, pp. 2147–2172.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hirst, G. D. S., Holman, M. E., Prosser, C. L., and Spence, I., 1972, J. Physiol. (Lond.) 225:60–61.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wood, J. D., 1975, Physiol. Rev. 55:307–324.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wallis, D. I., and North, R. A., 1978, Pflügers Arch. 347:145–152.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Landmesser, L., and Pilar, G., 1974, J. Physiol. (Lond.) 241:715–736.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Nishi, S., Soeda, H., and Koketsu, K., 1965, J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 66:19–32.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Dunant, Y., 1967, J. Physiol. (Paris) 59:17–38.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    De Castro, F., 1951, Arch. Int. Physiol. Biochim. 59:479–511.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Skok, V. I., and Heeroog, S. S., 1975, Brain Res. 87:343–353.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Brown, C. L., and Pascoe, J. E., 1952, J. Physiol. (Lond.) 118:113–123.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    De Castro, F., 1932, Cytology and Cellular Pathology of the Nervous System 1, (W. Penfield, ed.), Hoeber, New York, pp. 317–380.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Elfvin, L. G., 1971, J. Ultrstruct, Res. 37:432–448.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Melnichenko, L. V., and Skok, V. I., 1969, Neuroflziologia 1:101–108.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Roper, S., 1976, J. Physiol. (Lond.) 254:427–454.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Hervonen, A., Pickel, V. M., Joh, T. H., Reis, D. J., Linnoila, I., and Miller, R. J., 1981, Cell Tissue Res. 214:33–42.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Libet, B., and Owman, C., 1974, J. Physiol. (Lond.) 237:635–662.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Williams, T. H., Black, A. C., Jr., Tanemichi, C., and Jew, J., 1977, Adv. Biochem. Psychopharmacol. 16:505–511.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Williams, T. H., Chiba, T., Black, A. C., Jr., Bhalla, R. C., and Jew, J., 1976, SIF Cells, (E. Eränkö, ed.), Fogarty International Publications, No. (NIH) 76–949, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, pp. 143–162.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Komm, F., Speciale, S. G., Jr., and Wyatt, R. J., 1979, J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 211:706–710.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Eränkö, O., and Soinila, S., 1981, J. Neurocytol. 10:1–18.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Eränkö, O., and Soinila, S., 1981, J. Neurocytol. 10:45–55.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Levi-Montalcini, R., and Booker, B., 1960, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 46:373–383.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Levi-Montalcini, R., and Booker, B., 1960, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 46:384–391.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Levi-Montalcini, R., and Angelletti, P. U., 1968, Physiol. Rev. 48:534–569.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Klingman, G. I., and Klingman, J. D., 1969, Int. J. Neuropharmacol. 6:501–508.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Klingman, G. I., 1965, J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 148:14–21.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Klingman, G. I., and Klingman, J. D., 1972, Immunosympathectomy (G. Steiner and E. Schonbaum, eds.), Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 91–95.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Kessler, J. A., Cochard, P., and Black, I. B., 1981, Adv. Neurol. 29:115–123.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Greene, L. A., and Shooter, E. M., 1980, Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 3:353–402.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Stach, R. W., Pignatti, P. F., Baker, M. E., and Shooter, E. M., 1980, J. Neurochem. 34:850–855.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Stach, R. W., and Shooter, E. M., 1980, J. Neurochem. 34:1499–1505.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Varon, S., and Raiborn, C., 1972, Neurobiology 2:183–196.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Angelletti, R. H., and Bradshaw, R. A., 1971, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 68:2417–2420.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Olender, E. J., Wagner, B. J., and Stach, R. W., 1981, J. Neurochem. 37:436–442.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Partlow, L. M., and Larrabee, M. G., 1971, J. Neurochem. 18:2101–2118.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Gisiger, V., 1971, Brain Res. 33:139–146.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Gisiger, V., and Gaide-Hugunin, A. C., 1969, Prog. Brain Res. 31:125–129.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Black, I. B., Hendry, I. A., and Iversen, L. L., 1971, Brain Res. 34:229–240.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Hendry, I. A., 1971, Rev. Neurosci. 2:149–194.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Varon, S., Raiborn, C., and Burnham, P. A., 1974, Neurobiology 4:317–327.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Nikodijevic, B., Nikodijevic, O., Yu, M.-Y. W., Pollard, H., and Guroff, G., 1975, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 72:4769–4771.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    MacDonnell, P. C., Nagaiah, K., Lakshmanan, J., and Guroff, G., 1977, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 74:4681–4684.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Guroff, G., Dickens, G., and End, D., 1981, J. Neurochem. 37:342–349.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    McCarthy, K. D., and Partlow, L. M., 1976, Brain Res. 114 415–426.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Larrabee, M. G., 1970, Fed. Proc. 29:1919–1928.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Bloom, E. M., and Black, I. B., 1979, Dev. Biol. 68:568–578.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Otten, U., Hatanaka, H., and Thoenen, H., 1978, Brain Res. 140:385–389.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Skaper, S. D., Bottenstein, J. E., and Varon, S., 1979, J. Neurochem. 32:1845–1851.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Frazier, W., Ohlendorf, C., Boyd, L., Aloe, L., Johnson, E., Ferrendellia, J., and Bradshaw, R., 1973, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 70:2448–2452.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Mizel, S. B., and Bamburg, J. R., 1976, Dev. Biol. 49:20–28.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Hon, Z.-I., and Varon, S., 1977, Brain Res. 124:121–133.Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Varon, S., and Adler, R., 1981, Adv. Cell Neurobiol. 2:115–163.Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Varon, S., and Manthorpe, M., 1982, Neurotransmitter Interaction and Compartmentation (H. F. Bradford, ed.), Plenum Press, New York, pp. 473–496.Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Skaper, S. D., and Varon, S., 1983, Dev. Biol. 98:257–264.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Skaper, S. D., and Varon, S., 1981, J. Neurochem. 196:1654–1660.Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Skaper, S. D., and Varon, S., 1981, J. Neurosci. Res. 6:133–141.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Harper, G. P., and Thoenen, H., 1980, Neurochemistry 34:5–15.Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Greenberg, J. H., 1981, Adv. Neurol. 29:105–113.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Bottenstein, J. E., and Sato, G., 1979, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 76:514–517.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Varon, S., and Skaper, S. D., 1981, Ciba Found. Symp. 83:151–176.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Patterson, P. H., and Chun, L. L. Y., 1977, Dev. Biol. 56:263–280.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Patterson, P. H., 1978, Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 1:1–19.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Ebendal, T., 1979, Dev. Biol. 72:276–290.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Ebendal, T., Belew, M., Jacobson, C.-O., and Porath, J., 1979, Neurosci. Lett. 14:91–95.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Helfand, S. L., Riopelle, R. J., and Wessels, N. K., 1978, Exp. Cell Res. 113:39–45.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Manthorpe, M., Skaper, S. D., Barbin, G., and Varon, S., 1982, J. Neurochem. 38:415–421.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Black I. B., Hendry, I. A., and Iversen, L. L., 1971, Brain Res. 34:229–240.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Thoenen, T. H., and Barde, Y.-A., 1980, Physiol. Rev. 60:1284–1335.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Ignarro, L. J., and Shideman, F. E., 1968, J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 159:38–48, 49–58.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Cochard, P., Goldstein, M., and Black, I. B., 1979, Dev. Biol. 71:100–114.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Patterson, P. H., and Chun, L. L. Y., 1974, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 71:3607–3610.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Patterson, P. H., and Chun, L. L. Y., 1977, Dev. Biol. 60:473–481.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Weber, M. J., 1981, J. Biol. Chem. 256:3447–3453.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    O’Lague, P. H., Obata, K., Claude, P., Furshpan, E. J., and Potter, D. D., 1974, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 71:3602–3606.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Nurse, C. A., and O’Lague, P. H., 1975, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 72:1955–1959.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Furshpan, E. J., MacLeish, P. R., O’Lague, P. H., and Potter, D. D., 1976, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 73:4225–4229.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Ko, C. P., Burton, H., Johnson, M. I., and Bunge, R. P., 1976, Brain Res. 117:461–485.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    O’Lague, P. H., Potter, D. D., and Furshpan, E. J., 1978, Dev. Biol. 67:384–403.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Higgins, D., and Burton, H., 1982, Neuroscience 7:2241–2254.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Hawrot, E., 1980, Dev. Biol. 74:136–151.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Klinar, B., and Brzin, M., 1978, Neuroscience 3:1129–1134.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Davis, R., and Koelle, G. B., 1978, J. Cell Biol. 78:785–809.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Chiappinelli, V. A., Giacobini, E., and Fairman, K., 1978, Dev. Neurosci. 1:191–202.Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    Marchi, M., and Giacobini, E., 1980, Dev. Neurosci. 3:39–48.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Verdiere, M., Derer, M., and Reiser, F., 1982, Dev. Biol. 89:509–515.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Taylor, P., Rieger, F., and Greene, L. A., 1980, Brain Res. 182:383–396.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Couraud, J. Y., Koenig, H. L., and DiGiamberardino, L., 1980, J. Neurochem. 34:1209–1218.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Rowe, V., Fernandez, H., Duell, M., Parr, J., and Battie, C., 1981, J. Neurochem. 37:861–866.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Gilad, B. M., and Gilad, V. H., 1981, Brain Res. 220:420–426.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Marchi, M., Hoffman, D.W., Giacobini, E., and Fredrickson, T., 1980, Dev. Neurosci. 3:235–247.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Grassi, J., Vigny, M., and Massoulié, J., 1982, J. Neurochem. 38:457–469.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Brown, D. A., and Fumagalli, L., 1977, Brain Res. 129:165–168.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Giacobini, E., 1976, J. Physiol. (Lond.) 257:749–766.Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    Gangitano, C., Fumagalli, L., deRenzis, G., and Sangiacomo, C. D., 1978, Neuroscience 3:1101–1108.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Chiappinelli, V. A., and Giacobini, E., 1978, Neurochem. Res. 3:465–478.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Gangitano, C., Fumagalli, L., and Miani, N., 1978, Brain Res. 161:131–141.Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    Fumagalli, L., and deRenzis, G., 1980, Neuroscience 5:611–616.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Skok, V. J., Selyanho, A. A., and Derkach, V. A., 1982, Brain Res. 238:480–483.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Birks, R. I., and Fitch, S. J. G., 1974, J. Physiol. (Lond.) 240:125–134.Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    Kahlson, G., and Macintosh, F. C., 1939, J. Physiol. (Lond.) 96:277–292.Google Scholar
  121. 121.
    O’Reagan, S., and Collier, B., 1981, J. Neurochem. 36:420–430.Google Scholar
  122. 122.
    Collier, B., 1981, J. Neurochem. 36:1292–1294.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Kwok, Y. N., and Collier, B., 1982, J. Neurochem. 39:16–26.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Boska, P., and Collier, B., 1980, J. Neurochem. 34:1470–1482.Google Scholar
  125. 125.
    Westerink, B. H., and Van Dene, J. C., 1980, Eur. J. Pharmacol. 65:71–79.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Kafka, M. S., and Thoa, N. B., 1979, Biochem. Pharmacol. 28:2485–2489.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Martinez, A. E., and Adler-Graschinsky, E., 1980,. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 212:527–532,533–535.Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Chalazonitis, N., and Zigmond, R. E., 1980, J. Physiol. (Lond.) 300:525–538.Google Scholar
  129. 129.
    Ikeno, T., Dickens, G., Lloyd T., and Guroff, G., 1981, J. Neurochem. 36:1632–1640.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Roth, R. H., Morgenroth, V. H. Ill, and Slazman, P. M., \915,Biochem. Pharmacol. 23:2779–2784.Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    Goldstein, M., Bronaugh, R. L., Ebstein, B., and Roberge, C., 1976, Brain Res. 109:563–574.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Weiner, N., Lee, F.-L., Dreyer, E., and Barnes, E., 1978, Life Sci., 22:1197–1216.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. 133.
    Hartman, B. K., and Udenfriend, S., 1972, Pharmacol. Rev. 24:311–330.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Libet, B., and Owman, C., 1974, J. Physiol. (Lond.) 237:635–662.Google Scholar
  135. 135.
    Ashe, J. H., and Libet, B. 1982, Brain Res. 242:345–349.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Dun, N. J., and Karczmar, A. G., 1978, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 75:4029–4032.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Volle, R. L., 1980, Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, Volume 53 (D. A. Kharkevich, ed.), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 393–402.Google Scholar
  138. 138.
    Skok, V. I., and Heeroog, S. S., 1975, Brain Res. 87:343–353.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  139. 139.
    Roper, S., 1976, J. Physiol. (Lond.) 254:427–454.Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    Mytilineou, C., and Papaconstantinou, M. C., 1979, J. Neurochem. 33:347–349.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    McBride, W. J., and Klingman, J. D., 1975, Prog. Neurobiol. 3:251–278.Google Scholar
  142. 142.
    Bowery, N. G., Brown, D. A., Collins, G. G., Galvin, M., Marsh, S., and Yamini, G., 1976, Br. J. Pharmacol. 57:73–91.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Kato, E., Morita, K., Kuba, K., Yamada, S., Kuhara, T., and Shinka, T., 1980, Brain Res. 195:208–214.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  144. 144.
    Bowery, N. G., Brown, D. A., and Marsh, S., 1979, J. Physiol. (Lond.) 293:75–101.Google Scholar
  145. 145.
    Hökfelt, T., Elfin, L.-G., Schultzberg, M., Goldstein, M., and Nilsson, G., 1977, Brain Res. 132:29–41.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  146. 146.
    Mudge, A. W., Leeman, S. E., and Fischbach, G. D., 1979, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 76:526–530.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  147. 147.
    Jiang, Z.-G., Dun, N. J., and Karczmar, A. G., 1982, Science 217:739–741.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  148. 148.
    Robinson, S. E., Schwartz, S. P., and Costa, E., 1980, Brain Res. 182:11–17.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  149. 149.
    Kessler, J. A., Adler, J. E., Bohn, M. C., and Black, I. B., 1981, Science 214:335–336.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  150. 150.
    Kessler, J. A., and Black, I. B., 1982, Brain Res. 234:182–187.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  151. 151.
    Shultzberg, M., Hökfelt, T., Terenius, L., Elfin, L. G., and Lundberg, J. M., 1979, Neuroscience 4:249–270.Google Scholar
  152. 152.
    Di Giulio, A. M., Yans, H. Y., Fratta, W., and Costa, E., 1979, Nature 278:646–647.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  153. 153.
    Jan, L. Y., and Jan, Y. N., 1982, J. Physiol. (Lond.) 327:219–246.Google Scholar
  154. 154.
    Kuffler, S. W., 1980, J. Exp. Biol. 89:257–286.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  155. 155.
    Katyama, Y., and North, R. A., 1978, Nature 274:387–388.Google Scholar
  156. 156.
    Kessler, J. A., and Black, I. B., 1980, Brain Res. 180:157–158.Google Scholar
  157. 157.
    Goldman, H., and Jacobowitz, D., 1971, J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 176:119–123.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  158. 158.
    Thoenen, H., and Tranzor, J. P., 1973, Annu. Rev. Pharmacol. 13:169–180.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  159. 159.
    Angeletti, P. U., and Levi-Montalcini, R., 1970, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 65:114–121.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. 160.
    Burastock, G., Evans, B., Gannon, B. J., Heath, J. W., and James, V., 1971, Br. J. Pharmacol. 43:295–301.Google Scholar
  161. 161.
    Eränkö, L., and Eränkö, O., 1971, Acta Pharmacol. Toxicol. (Kbh) 30:403–416.Google Scholar
  162. 162.
    Angeletti, P. U., Levi-Montalcini, R., and Caramia, F., 1972, Brain Res. 43:515–525.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  163. 163.
    Heath, J., Eränkö, O., and Eränkö, L., 1973, Acta Pharmacol. Toxicol. (Kbh) 33:203–218.Google Scholar
  164. 164.
    Johnson, E. M., Jr., and Macia, R. H., 1979, Circ. Res. 45:243–249.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    Johnson, E. M., Jr., and Taylor, A. S., 1980, Biochem. Pharmacol. 29:113–115.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  166. 166.
    Johnson, E. M., Jr., and Aloe, L., 1974, Brain Res. 81:519–532.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  167. 167.
    Manning, P. T., Russell, J. H., and Johnson, E. M., Jr., 1982, Brain Res. 241:131–143.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  168. 168.
    Klingman, J. D., Organisciak, D. T., and Klingman, G. I., 1980, Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, Volume 53 (D. A. Kharkevich, ed.), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 41–61.Google Scholar
  169. 169.
    Larrabee, M. G., and Bronk, D. W., 1952, Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 17:245–266.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. 170.
    Larrabee, M. G., 1958, J. Neurochem. 2:81–101.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  171. 171.
    Larrabee, M. G., Ramos, J. G., and Bülbring, E., 1952, J. Cell Comp. Physiol. 40:461–494.Google Scholar
  172. 172.
    Larrabee, M. G., and Posternak, J. M., 1952, J. Neurophysiol. 15:91–114.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  173. 173.
    Brink, F., Bronk, D. W., Carlson, F. D., and Connelly, C. M., 1952, Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 17:53–67.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  174. 174.
    Dolivo, M., and DeRibaupierre, F., 1973, Experientia 29:5.Google Scholar
  175. 175.
    Rechncrona, S., Mela, L., and Chance, B., 1979, Fed. Proc. 38:2489–2492.Google Scholar
  176. 176.
    Folbergrová, J., Ingvar, M., and Siesjö, B. K., 1981, J. Neurochem. 37:1228–1238.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  177. 177.
    Dolivo, M., and Larrabee, M. G., 1958, J. Neurochem. 3:72–88.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  178. 178.
    Larrabee, M. G., and Klingman, J. D., 1962, Neurochemistry, 2nd ed., (K. A. C. Elliott, I. H. Page, and J. H. Quatsel, eds.), Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, Illinois, pp. 150–176.Google Scholar
  179. 179.
    Sinicropi, D. V., Dombrowski, A., Montgomery, C. W., Evans, R. K., and Kauffman, F. C., 1980, J. Neurochem. 34:1280–1287.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  180. 180.
    Larrabee, M. G., Horowicz, P., Stekiel, W., and Dolivo, M., 1956, Metabolism of the Nervous System (D. Richter, ed.), Pergamon Press, Oxford, pp. 208–220.Google Scholar
  181. 181.
    Edwards, C., and Larrabee, M. G., 1955, J. Physiol. (Lond.) 130:456–466.Google Scholar
  182. 182.
    Organisciak, D. T., and Klingman, J. D., 1974, J. Neurochem. 22:341–345.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  183. 183.
    Horowicz, P., and Larrabee, M. G., 1962, J. Neurochem. 9:1–22,402–407.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  184. 184.
    McBride, W. J., and Klingman, J. D., 1972, J. Neurochem. 19:865–880.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  185. 185.
    Larrabee, M. G., 1970, Fed. Proc. 29:1919–1928.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. 186.
    DeRibaupierre, F., Siegrist, G., Dolivo, M., and Rouller, C., 1966, Helv. Physiol. Pharmacol. Acta 24:C48–49.Google Scholar
  187. 187.
    DeRibaupierre, F., 1968, Brain Res. 11:42–64.Google Scholar
  188. 188.
    Härkönen, M. H. A., Passonneau, J. V., and Lowry, O. H., 1969, J. Neurochem. 16:1439–1458.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. 189.
    Larrabee, M. G., 1961, Methods in Medical Research 9 (J. H. Quastel, ed.), Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, pp. 241–247.Google Scholar
  190. 190.
    Larrabee, M. G., and Horowicz, P., 1956, Molecular Structure and Functional Activity of Nerve Cells (N. G. Grenell and L. J. Mullins, eds.), Waverly Press, Baltimore, pp. 84–102.Google Scholar
  191. 191.
    Klingman, J. D., 1966 Life Sci. 5:365–373.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  192. 192.
    Volle, R. L., 1980, Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, Volume 53 (D. A. Kharkevich, ed.), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 281–312.Google Scholar
  193. 193.
    Horowicz, P., and Larrabee, M. G., 1958, J. Neurochem. 2:102–118.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  194. 194.
    Dolivo, M., 1974, Fed. Proc. 33:1042–1048.Google Scholar
  195. 195.
    Organisciak, D. T., and Klingman, J. D., 1974, Lipids 9:307–313.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  196. 196.
    Roch-Ramel, F., 1962, Helv. Physiol. Acta [Suppl.] 13:1–64.Google Scholar
  197. 197.
    Larrabee, M. G., 1981, J. Neurochem. 38:215–232.Google Scholar
  198. 198.
    Nicolescu, P., Dolivo, M., Roullier, C., and Foroglou-Kerameus, C., 1966, J. Cell Biol. 29:267–285.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  199. 199.
    Dolivo, M., and Roullier, C., 1969, Brain Res. 31:111–123.Google Scholar
  200. 200.
    Organisciak, D. T., and Klingman, J. D., 1976, Brain Res. 115:467–478.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  201. 201.
    Harris, J. U., and Klingman, J. D., 1972, J. Neurochem. 19:1267–1278.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  202. 202.
    Larrabee, M. G., 1978, J. Neurochem. 31:492.Google Scholar
  203. 203.
    Larrabee, M. G., 1979, J. Neurochem. 32:283.Google Scholar
  204. 204.
    Larrabee, M. G., 1979, J. Neurochem. 33:123–131.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  205. 205.
    Larrabee, M. G., 1980, J. Neurochem. 35:210–231.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  206. 206.
    Larrabee, M. G., and Kauffman, F. C., 1978, Trans. Am. Soc. Neurochem. 9:118.Google Scholar
  207. 207.
    Cancalon, P., and Klingman, J. D., 1974, J. Chromatogr. Sci. 12:349–355.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  208. 208.
    Cancalon, P., and Klingman, J. D., 1972, J. Chromatogr. Sci. 10:253–256.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  209. 209.
    McBride, W. F., and Klingman, J. D., 1968, Anal. Biochem. 25:109–122.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  210. 210.
    Nagata, Y., Yokoi, Y., and Tsiukada, Y., 1966, J. Neurochem. 13:1421–1431.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  211. 211.
    Masi, I., Paggi, P., Pocchiari, F., and Toschi, G., 1969, Brain Res. 12:467–470.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  212. 212.
    Sadsivudu, B., and Lajtha, A., 1970, J. Neurochem. 17:1299–1312.Google Scholar
  213. 213.
    Klingman, J. D., 1966, Life Sci. 5:1397–1407.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  214. 214.
    Pappano, A. J., and Volle, R. L., 1966, J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 152:171–180.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  215. 215.
    Hall, M. E., and Wilson, D. L., 1979, Brain Res. 168:602–608.Google Scholar
  216. 216.
    Hendry, I. A., 1976, Rev. Neurosci. 2:149–194.Google Scholar
  217. 217.
    Otten, U., and Thoenen, H., 1977, J. Neurochem. 29:69–76.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  218. 218.
    Dibner, M. D., and Black, I. B., 1978, J. Neurochem. 30:1479–1484.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  219. 219.
    Coughlin, M. D., Dibner, M. D., Boyer, D. M., and Black, I. A., 1978, Dev. Biol. 88:513–528.Google Scholar
  220. 220.
    Bohn, M. C., Goldstein, M. M., and Black, I. B., 1981, Dev. Biol. 82:1–10.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  221. 221.
    Banks, P., 1970, Biochem. J. 118:813–818.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  222. 222.
    Huf, K., Lakshmanan, I., and Guroff, G., 1978, J. Neurochem. 31:599–606.Google Scholar
  223. 223.
    Härkönen, M. H. A., and Kauffman, F. C., 1974, Brain Res. 65:127–139.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  224. 224.
    Kaye, P. L., Gunning, P. W., and Austin, L., 1977, J. Neurochem. 9:1–22.Google Scholar
  225. 225.
    Gunning, P. W., Kaye, P. L., and Austin, L., 1977 J. Neurochem. 28:1237–1240PubMedGoogle Scholar
  226. 225a.
    Gunning, P. W., Kaye, P. L., and Austin, L., 1977 J. Neurochem. 28:1245–1248.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  227. 226.
    Otten, U., Katanaka, H., and Thoenen, H., 1978, Brain Res. 140:385–389.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  228. 227.
    Coughlin, M. D., and Black, I. B., 1978, J. Neurochem. 30:1479–1484.Google Scholar
  229. 228.
    Gorelikov, P. L., and Em, V. S., 1974, Arkh. Anat. Gistol. Embriol. 66:91–97.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  230. 229.
    Pevzner, L. Z., Nozdrachiev, A. D., Glushchenko, T. A., and Federova, L. D., 1973, Dokl. Acad. Nauk. S.S.S.R. 213:1458–1460.Google Scholar
  231. 230.
    Levedev, D. B., 1977, Eksp. Biol. Med. 83:748–758.Google Scholar
  232. 231.
    Larrabee, M. G., and Klingman, L D., 1963, Anal. Biochem. 6:111–124.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  233. 232.
    Burt, D. R., and Larrabee, M. G., 1973, J. Neurochem. 21:255–272.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  234. 233.
    Burt, D. R., and Larrabee, M. G., 1976, J. Neurochem. 27:753–763.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  235. 234.
    Wells, M. A., and Dittmer, J. C., 1967, Biochemistry 6:3169–3174.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  236. 235.
    Cornbrooks, I., Bunge, R. P., and Gottlieb, D. I., 1980, J. Neurochem. 34:800–874.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  237. 236.
    Larrabee, M. G., Klingman, J. D., and Leicht, W. S., 1963, J. Neurochem. 10:549–570.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  238. 237.
    Larrabee, M. G., and Leicht, W. S., 1965, J. Neurochem. 12:1–13.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  239. 238.
    Hokin, M. R., Hokin, L. E., and Shelp, W. D., 1960, J. Gen. Physiol. 44:217–226.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  240. 239.
    White, G. L., and Larrabee, M. G., 1973, J. Neurochem. 20:783–798.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  241. 240.
    Lapetina, E. G., Brown, W. E., and Michell, R., 1976, J. Neurochem. 26:649–651.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  242. 241.
    Pickard, M. R., Hawthorne, J. N., Hayashi, E., and Yamada, S., 1977, Biochem. Pharmacol. 26:448–450.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  243. 242.
    Hawthorne, J. N., and Pickard, M. R., 1979, J. Neurochem. 32:5–14.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  244. 243.
    Fisher, S. K., and Agranoff, B. W., 1980, J. Neurochem. 34:1231–1240.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  245. 244.
    Robinson, J. D., and Kabela, E., 1977, J. Neurobiol. 8:511–522.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  246. 245.
    Nagata, Y., Mikoshiba, K., and Tsukada, Y., 1973, Brain Res. 56:259–269.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  247. 246.
    Sherman, W. R., Leavitt, A. L., Honchar, M. P., Hallicher, L. M., and Phillips, B. E., 1981, J. Neurochem. 36:1947–1951.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  248. 247.
    Wolfe, L. S., 1982, J. Neurochem. 38:1–14.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  249. 248.
    Hedqvist, P., 1973, The Prostaglandins, Volume 1 (P. W. Ramwell, ed.), Plenum Press, New York, pp. 101–129.Google Scholar
  250. 249.
    Webb, J. G., Saelens, D. A., and Halushka, P. V., 1978, J. Neurochem. 31:13–20.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  251. 250.
    Trevisani, A., Biondi, C., Belluzzi, O., Borasio, P. G., Capuzzo, A., Ferretti, M. E., and Perri, V., 1982, Brain Res. 236:375–382.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  252. 251.
    Belluzzi, O., Biondi, C., Borasio, P. G., Cappuzzo, A., Ferretti, M. E., Trevisani, A., and Perri, V., 1982, Brain Res. 236:383–392.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  253. 252.
    McAfee, D. A., Schorderet, M., and Greengard, P., 1971, Science 178:310–312.Google Scholar
  254. 253.
    Cramer, H., Johnson, D. G., Hanbauer, I., Silberstein, S. D., and Kopin, I. J., 1973, Brain Res. 53:97–104.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  255. 254.
    Kalix, P., McAfee, D. A., Schorderet, M., and Greengard, P., 1974, J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 188:676–687.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  256. 255.
    Greengard, P., McAfee, D. A., and Kebabain, J. W., 1972, Adv. Cyclic Nucleotide Res. 2:337–355.Google Scholar
  257. 256.
    Busis, N. A., Weight, F. F., and Smith, P. A., 1978, Science 200:1079–1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  258. 257.
    McAfee, D. A., Henon, B. K., Whiting, G. J., Horn, J. P., Yarowsky, P. J., and Turner, D. K., 1980, Fed. Proc. 39:2997–3002.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  259. 258.
    De Camilli, P., Ueda, T., Bloom, F. E., Battenberg, E., and Greengard, P., 1979, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 76:5977–5981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  260. 259.
    Fried, G., Nestler, E. J., De Camilli, P., Stjärne, L., Olson, L., Lundberg, J. M., Hökfelt, T., Ouimet, C. C., and Greengard, P., 1982, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sei. U.S.A. 79:2717–2721.Google Scholar
  261. 260.
    Weight, F. F., Petzold, G., and Greengard, P., 1974, Science 186:942–944.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  262. 261.
    Kebabian, J. W., Steiner, A. L., and Greengard, P., 1975, J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 193:474–488.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  263. 262.
    Casnelli, J. E., and Greengard, P., 1974, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 71:1891–1895.Google Scholar
  264. 263.
    Kalix, P., 1976, J. Neurochem. 27:1563–1564.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  265. 264.
    Quenzer, T., Patterson, B. A., and Volle, R. L., 1980, J. Neurochem. 34:1782–1784.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  266. 265.
    Dempsher, J., Larrabee, M. G., Bang, F. B., and Bodian, D., 1955, Am. J. Physiol. 182:203–216.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  267. 266.
    George, C., and Dolivo, M., 1982, Brain Res. 242:255–260.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  268. 267.
    Price, R. W., 1979, Science 205:518–520.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  269. 268.
    Feiten, D. L., Overhage, J. M., Feiten, S. Y., and Schmedtje, J. F., 1981, Brain Res. Bull. 7:595–612.Google Scholar
  270. 269.
    Brown, D. A., and Garthwaite, J., 1979, J. Physiol. (Lond.) 297:597–620.Google Scholar
  271. 270.
    Garthwaite, J., 1979, J. Neurosci. Methods 1:185–193.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  272. 271.
    Östberg, A.-J. C., Raisman, G., Field, P. M., Iverson, L. L., and Zigmond, R. E., 1976, Brain Res. 107:445–470.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  273. 272.
    Brinley, F. J., Jr., 1967, J. Neurophysiol. 30:1531–1560.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  274. 273.
    Galvin, M., Brussencate, G. T., and Senekowitsch, R., 1979, Brain Res. 160:544–548.Google Scholar
  275. 274.
    Wallace, L. J., Partlow, L. M., and Ferrendelli, J. A., 1978, J. Neurochem. 31:801–808.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  276. 275.
    Lutold, B. E., Karoum, F., and Neff, N. H., 1979, Eur. J. Pharmacol. 54:21–26.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  277. 276.
    Bertilsson, L., and Costa, E., 1976, J. Chromatogr. 118:395–402.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  278. 277.
    Gamse, R., Wax, A., Zigmond, R. E., and Leeman, S. E., 1981, Neuroscience 6:437–441.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  279. 278.
    Doherty, F. C., and Rowe, C. E., 1979, J. Neurochem. 33:819–822.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  280. 279.
    Nikodijevic, B., Yu, M. W., and Guroff, G., 1977, J. Neurochem. 28:851–852.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  281. 280.
    Härkönen, M. H. A., and Kauffman, F. C., 1974, Brain Res. 65:141–157.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  282. 281.
    Roch-Ramel, F., and Dolivo, M., 1967, Helv. Physiol. Pharmacol. Acta 25:40–61.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  283. 282.
    Klingman, G. I., 1965, Pharmacologist 7:157.Google Scholar
  284. 283.
    Klingman, G. I., 1966, Biochem. Pharmacol. 15:1729–1736.Google Scholar
  285. 284.
    Luizzi, A., Poppen, P. H., and Kopin, I. J., 1977, Brain Res. 138:309–315.Google Scholar
  286. 285.
    Gilad G. M., Gagon, C., and Kopin, I. J., 1980, Brain Res. 183:393–402.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  287. 286.
    MacDonnell, P. C., Nagaiah, K., Lakshmanan, J., and Guroff, G., 1977, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 74:4681–4684.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  288. 287.
    Burt, D. R., 1978, Brain Res. 143:573–579.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  289. 288.
    Towle, A. C., Sze, P. Y., and Lauder, J. M., 1979, Trans. Am. Soc. Neurochem. 10:199.Google Scholar
  290. 289.
    Gershon, M. D., 1979, Neurosci. Res. Prog. Bull. 17:384–388.Google Scholar
  291. 290.
    Bowers, C. W., and Zigmond, R. E., 1979, J. Comp. Neurol. 185:381–391.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jack D. Klingman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry, School of MedicineState University of New York at BuffaloBuffaloUSA

Personalised recommendations