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Catalysis and Catalytic Deactivation

  • Leon M. Polinski
  • V. Udaya S. Rao
  • John M. Stencel

Abstract

This chapter is divided into three sections that summarize current understanding of the catalysis of coal liquefaction. The first section, Instrumental Analysis of Coal Liquefaction Catalysts, focuses on instrumental techniques that are useful for describing the chemical and physical properties of catalysts. Over 15 techniques are discussed by dividing them into four groups defined by their “sampling depth.” Recent noteworthy research using these techniques is referenced and material is discussed that describes advances in the correlation of catalytic performance with chemical-physical properties of catalysts. Metal speciation on and in zeolite materials, notably ZSM-5, is discussed as an application of instrumental analysis to the investigation of catalysts potentially useful for the indirect liquefaction of coal. Catalysts useful in direct liquefaction processes are then examined with a variety of techniques. These studies are used to suggest changes in metal speciation that occur as a function of catalyst synthesis and activation procedures and to propose mechanisms of catalyst deactivation.

Keywords

Acid Site Dimethyl Ether Continuously Stir Tank Reactor Light Olefin Coal Liquefaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leon M. Polinski
    • 1
  • V. Udaya S. Rao
    • 1
  • John M. Stencel
    • 1
  1. 1.Pittsburgh Energy Technology CenterU.S. Department of EnergyPittsburghUSA

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