Advertisement

Resonant Fast-Beam/Laser Interactions: Saturated Absorption and Two-Photon Absorption

  • Ove Poulsen

Abstract

The advent of lasers in spectroscopy has made possible highly precise measurements of spectroscopic as well as of fundamental interest, Particular emphasis has been put onto the elimination of the Doppler effect, which was one of the main obstacles in classical spectroscopy. This can be achieved using well collimated atomic beams or non-linear field/atom interactions, which, combined with quantum interference methods, are capable of yielding a resolution beyond the natural linewidth. In historical perspective, these methods were developed because of the problems associated with the Doppler effect, the possibilities offered by the high intensity and narrow spectral band width of lasers and, most important, an ever persistent wish to obtain very high optical resolution.

Keywords

Laser Field Rabi Frequency Hole Burning Doppler Width Doppler Profile 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    H. J. Andra, in: “Progress in Atomic Spectroscopy”, W. Hanle and H. Kleinpoppen, ed., Plenum Press, New York and London (1979) p. 829Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. J. Andra, A. Gaupp, and W. Wittman, Phys.Rev.Lett. 31, 501 (1973)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    H.J.Andra, in: Proceedings of the “Sixth International Conference on Fast Ion Beam Spectroscopy”, to appear in Nucl.Instrum.Methods (1982)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    D.J.Pegg and M.L.Gaillard, IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Sciences, NS-28, 1186 (1981)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    O. Poulsen, T. Andersen, S. M. Bentzen, and U. Nielsen, Phys.Rev.A, 24, 2523 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. M. Bentzen, U. Nielsen, and O. Poulsen, J.Opt.Soc.Am., 72, Sept. (1982)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. J. Andra, in: “Beam-Foil Spectroscopy”, vol. 2, I.A.Sellin and D. Pegg, ed., Plenum Press (1976), p. 835Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    O. Poulsen and P. S. Ramanujam, Phys.Rev.A 14, 1463 (1976)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    W. H. Wing, G. A. Ruff, W. E. Lamb,Jr., and J. J. Spezeski, Phys.Rev.Lett. 36, 1488 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S.L. Kaufman, Opt.Comm., 17 /309 (1976)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    E.-W. Otten, in: Proceedings of the IV International Conference on “Nuclei far from Stability”, P. G. Hansen and O. B. Nielsen, ed., CERN 81-09, Geneva (1981) p.3Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. A. Holt, S. D. Rosner, T. D. Gaily, and A. G. Adam, Phys.Rev.A 22, 1563 (1980)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    E. G. Meyers, P. Kuske, H. J. Andra, I. A. Armour, N. A. Jelley, H. A. Klein, J. D.Silver, and E. Trabert, Phys.Rev.Lett. 47, 87 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    O. R. Wood II, C. K. N. Patel, D. E. Murnick, E.T. Nelson, M. Leventhal, H.W. Kugel, and Y. Niv, in: “Laser Spectroscopy V”, A.R.W. McKellar, T. Oka, and B.P. Stoicheft, ed., Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, (1981) p. 45Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J.J. Snyder and J.L. Hall: Proceedings of the “Second International Conference on Laser Spectroscopy”, S. Haroche et al., eds., Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, (1975) p. 6Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. Dufay, M. Carre,M.L. Gaillard, G. Mennier, H. Winter, and A. Zgainski, Phys.Rev.Lett. 37, 1678 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. Bergquist, S.A. Lee, and J.L. Hall, Phys.Rev.Lett. 38, 159 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    G. Borghs, P. de Bisschop, J.-M. Van den Cruyce, M. Van Hove, and R.E. Silverans, Phys.Rev.Lett. 1074 (1981)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    O. Poulsen, P. Nielsen, U.Nielsen, P.S. Ramannujam, and N.I. Winstrup, Phys.Rev.A, submitted (1982)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    O. Poulsen and N.I. Winstrup, Phys.Rev.Lett. 47, 1522 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    J.L. Hall and S.A. Lee, Appl.Phys.Lett. 29, 367 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, Opt.Comm., 36, 322 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    T.W. Hänsch, Spectroscopia non Lineare, in: “Proceedings of the International School of Physics Enrico Fermi”, vol.42, Academic Press (1976) p.17Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    V.S. Letokhov and C.P. Chebotayev, Non Linear Laser Spectroscopy, Springer Series in Optical Sciences, vol.4, D.L.MacAdam, ed., Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heivelberg, New York (1977), and V.P. Chebotayev and V.S. Letokhov, Prog.Quant.Electr.,4-, 111 (1975)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    P.G. Pappas, M.M. Burns, D.D. Hinshelwood, M.S. Feld, and D.E. Murnick, Phys.Rev.A 21, 1955 (1980)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    R.G. Brewer and E.L. Hahn, Phys.Rev.A, 11, 1641 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    D.W. Steinhaus, L.R. Radziemski, Jr., R.D. Cowan, J. Blaise, G. Guelavili, Z. Ben Osman, and J. Verges, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory Report, No.LA-4501Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    O.Poulsen, Nucl.Instrum.Methods, accepted (1982)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    L.S. Vasilenko, V.P. Chebotayev, and A.V. Shishayev, JEPT.Lett. 12, 113 (1970)ADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    E. Giacobino and B. Gagnac, in: Progress in Optics XVII, E.Wolf., North Holland (1980) p. 85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    C. Wieman and T.W. Hänsch, in: “Laser Spectroscopy III”, J.L. Hall and J.L. Carlsten, ed., Springer Series in Optical Sciences, vol. 7, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York (1977) p. 39Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    S. Chu and A.P. Mills, Jr., Phys.Rev.Lett. 48, 1333 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    C. Borde, C.R.Acad.Sc.Paris, 282B, 341 (1976)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    J.L. Hall, O. Poulsen, S.A. Lee, and J.C. Bergquist, J.Opt.Soc. Am., 6_8, 697 (1978) and to be publishedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    J.E. Björkholm and P.F. Liao, Phys.Rev.Lett. 33, 128 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    R. Salomaa and S. Stenholm, J.Phys.B 8, 1795 (1975) 1221 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    H.-R. Xia, G.-Y. Yan, and A.L. Schawlow, Opt.Comm. 39, 153 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    R. Salomaa and S. Stenholm, Opt.Comm. 16, 292 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    F. Biraben, E. Giacobino, and G. Grynberg, Phys.Rev.A 12, 2444 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    O. Poulsen, T. Andersen, S.M. Bentzen, and I. Koleva, in: Proceedings of the “Sixth International Conference on Fast Ion Beam Spectroscopy”, to appear in Nucl.Instrum.Methods (1982)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    J.L. Hall, in: “Atomic Physics 7”, D. Kleppner and F.M. Pipkin, ed., Plenum Press, New York and London (1981) p. 267Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ove Poulsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of PhysicsUniversity of AarhusAarhus CDenmark

Personalised recommendations