Behavioral Conditioning and Immunity

  • Robert Ader


Modern investigators no longer think of a central nervous system and an endocrine system, but of an integrated neuroendocrine system. In the same way, a growing body of experimental data suggests that one cannot think of an immune system that is independent of other biologic processes that function to maintain or restore homeostatic balance. While it has generally been assumed that (or, at least, immunologists have behaved as if) the immune system is an autonomous agency of defense, this is no longer a tenable assumption. Converging evidence, from immunology, neuroendocrinology, neurophysiology pharmacology and psychology indicate that the immune system, like any other system operating in the interests of homeostasis, is integrated with other physiological processes and is therefore subject to regulation or modulation by the brain (Ader, 1981a).


Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Conditioned Stimulus Unconditioned Stimulus Conditioned Suppression Plain Water 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Ader
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Rochester School of Medicine and DentistryRochesterUSA

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