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Plant Gene Structure

  • Joachim Messing
  • Daniel Geraghty
  • Gisela Heidecker
  • Nien-Tai Hu
  • Jean Kridl
  • Irwin Rubenstein
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 26)

Summary

Techniques in molecular cloning and DNA sequencing have provided the tools to study the structure of genes at the nucleotide level. Most of these studies have been conducted on mammalian genes. From the comparison of individual genes much knowledge has been gained about organization and potential signal sequences. Although relatively little sequence data is available for plant genes, their number has grown to a degree where similar comparisons may be initiated. Using our studies of the zein storage protein and the data of other laboratories we may draw the following conclusions: 1) Like other plant genes, zein genes are organized in multigene families. Hybridization techniques and sequence data further subdivide the zein multigene family into subfamilies. 2) The sequence data obtained also allows us to determine the protein sequence and the sequence variation among the zein proteins which has occurred during evolution. 3) Comparing the zein genes and other known plant genes, we have identified potential signal sequences which can be distinguished from those of animal genes.

Keywords

Plant Gene Cauliflower Mosaic Virus Maize Endosperm Animal Gene Alcohol Dehydrogenase Gene 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joachim Messing
    • 1
  • Daniel Geraghty
    • 1
  • Gisela Heidecker
    • 1
  • Nien-Tai Hu
    • 1
  • Jean Kridl
    • 1
  • Irwin Rubenstein
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Department of Genetics and Cell BiologyUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulUSA

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