Advertisement

Epilepsy and Suicidal Attempts in Children and Adolescents

  • Žarko Martinović

Abstract

The relationship between epilepsy and attempted suicide was noted by Prudhome in 19411, and was later investigated by several authors2,3,4. Although some studies failed to prove this relationship5,6, Lawson and Mitchell7 have found an incidence of epilepsy in self-poisoning patients of 4.7 percent. A similar result of 4.2 percent was recently obtained by Raićković in Belgrade, in a series of 659 patients8. Mackay9 estimated that one in every 70 epileptic patients in the United Kingdom poisoned themselves each year, and considered self-poisoning as a significant complication of epilepsy. Studying prospectively a hospital series of 1291 patients admitted after deliberate self-poisoning or self-injury, Hawton et al.4 found a fivefold excess of patients with epilepsy in comparison with general population prevalence rates. Both Mackay9 and Hawton et al.4 pointed out that the patients with epilepsy were prone to make repeated suicidal attempts by self-poisoning.

Keywords

Suicidal Attempt Sodium Valproate Preadolescent Child Epileptic Attack Fivefold Excess 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    C. Prudhome, Epilepsy and suicide, J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. 94: 722–731 (1941).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. A. Herriiigton and K. V. Cross, Cases of attempted suicide admitted to a general hospital, Brit. Med. J., ii: 463–467 (1959).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. Kessel, Sem-poisononing - part I. Brit. Med. J. ii: 1265–1270 (1965).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    K. Hawton, J. Faag and P. Marsack, Association between epilepsy and attempted suicide, J. Neurol. Neurosurq. Psychiat. 43: 168–170 (1980).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. R. Burston, Severe Self-poisoning in Sunderland, Brit. Med. J. 1: 679–681 (1969).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. Peterson and F. Brosstaa, Pattern of acute drug poisoning in Oslo, Acta Med. Scand. 201: 233–237 (1977).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. A. H. Lawson and I. Mitchell, Patients with acute poisoning seen in a General Medical Unit (1960–71), Brit. Med. J. ii: 153–156(1971)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    B. Raickovi6, Personal communication (1981).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Mackay, Self-poisoning–A Complication of Epilepsy, Brit. J. Psyhiat. 134: 277–282 (1979).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    P. Sainsbury, Suicide, Medicine 29: 1772–1776 (1974).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. Smiljani6, Adolescent suicide as reflected from family conflict (in Serbocroatian) Enqrami, 3: 219–222 (1981).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. M. Weisman, The epidemiology of suicide attempts, 1960 to 1971, Arch. gen. Psychiat. 30: 737–746 (1974).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    B. G. Curran, Suicide, Pediat. Clin. N. Amer. 26: 737–746 (1979).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Tuckman and H. E. Cannon, Attempted suicide in adolescents, Amer. J. Psychiat. 119: 228–231 (1962).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. D. Teicher, Suicide and suicide attempts, in: “Basic Handbook of Child Psychiatry,” J. D. Noshpitz, ed., Basic Books, New York (1979).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    T. A. Betts, H. Mirskey and A. A. Pond, Psychiatry, in: “A Textbook of Epilepsy”, J. Laidlaw and A. Richens, eds, Churchill, Livingstone, Edinburgh (1976).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    C. Bagley, “The Social Psychology of the Child with Epilepsy”, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London (1971).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Z. Martinovi, Contemporary treatment of epilepsy (monograph), (in Serbocroatian), Krka u medicini i farmaciji, (in press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Žarko Martinović
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Neuropsychiatry for Children and YouthBelgradeYugoslavia

Personalised recommendations