Therapeutic Community as Part of Integrated Psychotherapy
The treatment a therapeutic community is a psychotherapeutic modality. Therefore, before describing what we see as basic postulates of therapeutic community, we will briefly characterize our psychotherapeutic orientation, which we call Integrated Psychotherapy. We developed this orientation at the Charles University in Praguel, and at the University of British Columbia in Canada, working not only with therapeutic community, but also with individual, family and group psychotherapy, and reviewing the theory and methods of all important schools and orientations, from psychoanalysis to behavior therapies. There are useful elements in different psychotherapies and fortunately, there seems to be a trend away from the dogmaticism of closed psychotherapeutic schools of the past. However, this leads often to careless eclecticism, that is, applying ideas and techniques of different orientations in a haphazard way, without a serious attempt at theroretical unification. In contrast, Integrated Psychotherapy, continuing in the efforts of countless theoreticians and practitioners, seeks factors common to all psychotherpies, analyzes their idiosyncratic and often overlapping concepts, and builds a parsimonious conceptual framework. This is described in our book “Integrated Psychotherapy”2.
KeywordsVicious Circle Group Schema Individual Therapy Therapeutic Community Corrective Experience
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