Advertisement

Psychiatry and Psychotherapies: Evolving Evolutionary General Systems for “Change”

  • William Gray

Abstract

The term “Evolving Evolutionary General System” was introduced into our language in 1977 by Kenneth E. Bouldingl in delivering the Ludwig von Bertalanffy Memorial Address to the Annual Meeting of the Society for General Systems Research. He did so to announce publicly — what many of us in the general systems movement have been fearful to admit we believe — that what the Society is about is the study of the properties and processes in a “general system”. Although an Existence Theorem has not been demonstrated for this term — it is a very interesting notion and worth exploring.

Keywords

General System Human Knowledge Knowledge Evolution General System Theory Social Psychiatry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    K. E. Boulding, The Universe as a General System, Ludwig von Bertalanffy Memorial Lecture, in: “The General Systems Paradigm: The Science of Change and the Change of Science”, Proceedings of the Annual North American Meeting, J. D. White, ed., Society for General Systems Research, Washington (1977).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. R. Gaines, General Systems Research: Quo Vadis?, General Systems 24: 1–9, (1979).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. Gray and A. H. Esser, The Human Knowledge Process, in: “The International Encyclopedia of Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychoanalysis and Neurology”, B. B. Wolman, ed., Aesculapius, New York, (in press).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    W. Gray and A. H. Esser, Advances in General System Theory and Their Relevance for Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychoanalysis and Neurology, in: “The International Encyclopedia of Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychoanalysis and Neurology,” B. B. Wolman, ed., Aesculapius, New York (in press).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    W. Gray, J. W. Fidler and J. R. Battista, eds., “General System Theory and the Psychological Sciences”, Intersystems Publications, Seaside, California (in press).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    W. Gray, F. J. Duhl and N. D. Rizzo, eds., “General System Theory and Psychiatry”, Little Brown, Boston (1969), Paperback edition in press, Intersystems Publications, Seaside, California.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    W. Gray, The Primacy of System Forming Activity in the Human Knowledge Process and Knowledge Evolution, in: “General System Theory and the Psychological Sciences”, W. Gray, J. W. Fidler and J. R. Battista, eds., Intersystems Publications, Seaside, California (in press).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    W. Gray, “General System Precursor Formation Theory”, Aristocrat Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts (1977).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. A. Wojciechowski, The Ecology of Knowledge, in: “Science and Society: Past, Present and Future”, N. H. Steneck, ed., The Univ. of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor (1975).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. H. Esser, The Difference of Man - and the Difference It Makes, in: “Shaping the Future: Canada in a Global Society”, W. Baker, ed., Centre for Policy and Management Studies, Ottawa (1979).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. H. Esser, Designed Communality: A Synergic Context for Community and Privacy, in: “Design for Communality and Privacy”, A. H. Esser and B. B. Greenbie, eds., Plenum, New York (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. H. Masserman, “Principles of Dynamic Psychology”, Saunders, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1946).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. Gray, Problems and Promise in the Evolution of Human Systems: An Anamorphic, Humanistic, Autopoietic Model, Fifth Annual Ludwig von Bertalanffy Memorial Lecture, in: “Avoiding Social Catastrophes and Maximizing Social Opportunities: The General Systems Challenge”, Proceedings of the 1978 Annual North American Meeting, Society for General Systems Research, R. Ericson, ed., Soc. for General Systems Research, Washington, D. C. (1978).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    W. Gray and L. R. Gray, The System Precursor, System Forming Approach in General Systems Theory (System Specifics), The Bulletin of the American Association for Social Psychiatry, 2 (1): 16–24 (1981).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. E. Durkin, ed., “Living Groups: Psychotherapy and General System Theory”, Brunner/Mazel, New York (1981).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. A. Wojciechowski, Man and Knowledge: One or Two Systems?, in: “General System Theory and the Psychological Sciences”, W. Gray, J. W. Fidler and J. R. Battista, eds., Intersystems Publications, Seaside, California (in press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • William Gray
    • 1
  1. 1.Newton CenterUSA

Personalised recommendations