An observer of the history of ideas might have expected that, immediately following Freud’s demonstration of the role of the moral emotions of shame and guilt in both abnormal and normal behavior, research into the psychology of emotions should have burgeoned. On the contrary, during the nearly hundred years since Studies on Hysteria (Breuer & Freud, 1893–1895) the psychology of emotions has remained (in spite of numerous exceptions) a somewhat isolated area of inquiry both in academia and in psychoanalysis itself. Moreover, so far as I know, Freud and Modern Psychology is unique in proposing that emotions cannot be understood apart from their place within the human affectional attachment system. Although many observers have acknowledged the social function of emotions, inquiry has focused on the single individual, rather than on the emotional attachment system in which each person is embedded throughout his or her entire lifetime.
KeywordsHuman Nature Moral Emotion Theoretical System Maternal Deprivation Attachment System
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