Rheumatoid Arthritis Factors Related to the Activity and the Effects of Illness

  • Pirkko Kiviniemi


The most prominent clinical characteristics of rheumatic diseases, restricted movement and reduced physical strength form a natural basis for emotional reactions to the disease. They alone may cause restrictions and conflicts in human relations and, because they foster dependence, the passive sick role becomes easily the patient’s predominent behaviour pattern. This very practical approach in examining the psychosocial factors in rheumatic disease forms a promising point of departure for many research hypotheses. It motivates us to make research which can be easily applied for treatment purposes. In addition, it creates a comprehensive connection between the experienced symptoms and emotional reactions to the disease.


Rheumatoid Arthritis Emotional Reaction Therapeutic Relationship Social Inventory Personality Structure 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pirkko Kiviniemi
    • 1
  1. 1.Rheumatism Foundation HospitalHeinola 12Finland

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