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Selection of Tobacco Protoplast-Derived Cells for Resistance to Amino Acids and Regeneration of Resistant Plants

  • Jean-Pierre Bourgin
Part of the NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 61)

Abstract

Cell colonies derived from UV-mutagenized mesophyll protoplasts of haploid tobacco (Nicottana tabacum L.) were submitted to selection in a medium containing toxic concentrations of either L-valine or L-lysine plus L-threonine. Among the plants regenerated from colonies thus recovered in various experiments seven were resistant to valine (Valr mutants) and two to lysine plus threonine (LTr mutants). These markers were transmitted to progeny as mendelian characters, either single dominant (LTr mutants and Valr mutants of the first type), or digenic recessive (Valr mutants of the second type). The two types of valine resistance were further characterized by testing cells derived from mesophyll protoplasts from resistant plants for resistance to valine and to other amino acids. Cells of mutants of the first type had a low level of resistance to valine, whereas cells of mutants of the second type had a high level of resistance to valine and to other amino acids. According to the results of 14C-labelled amino acid uptake experiments the amino acid resistance of mutants of the second type could be accounted for by a generally reduced uptake of amino acids. Possible uses of valine resistance as a marker in plant cell genetics are discussed.

Keywords

Plant Cell Culture Tobacco Cell Mesophyll Protoplast Amino Acid Uptake Mutant Clone 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Pierre Bourgin
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Biologie CellulaireI.N.R.A.VersaillesFrance

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