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Alcohol Consumption and Prenatal Development

  • Ernest L. Abel
  • Carrie L. Randall
  • Edward P. Riley

Abstract

References to the association between alcohol and inferior offspring development and/or birth defects date back several hundred years in the scientific literature. For instance, during England’s gin epidemic of 1720–1750, considerable concern was expressed over alcohol’s adverse effects on unborn children; by the turn of the 20th century, epidemiological studies had actually documented alcohol’s risk to the developing fetus. During the early 1900s, a number of laboratory studies were also conducted to test alcohol’s effects on embryonic development in animals. However, these studies do not seem to have been prompted by a concern about alcohol’s role as a teratogen in humans but rather by practical considerations. Alcohol was considered representative of general anesthetic agents with the advantage of being readily available, soluble in water, and volatile.

Keywords

Alcohol Exposure Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Prenatal Development Blood Alcohol Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernest L. Abel
    • 1
  • Carrie L. Randall
    • 2
  • Edward P. Riley
    • 3
  1. 1.Research Institute on AlcoholismBuffaloUSA
  2. 2.Research ServicesVeterans Administration Medical CenterCharlestonUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyState University of New York at AlbanyAlbanyUSA

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