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Cryocoolers pp 257-292 | Cite as

Cryogenic Engineering and Cryocooler Development in the USSR

  • Evgeny Ivanovich Mikulin
Part of the The International Cryogenics Monograph Series book series (ICMS)

Abstract

Cryogenics began in 1877 when L. Kalete observed the transition of oxygen from the gaseous to the liquid state. Small systems for liquefaction of air were developed by Linde and Hampson in 1895, working independently, but the broad development of cryocoolers came much later and especially after World War II.

Keywords

Heat Transfer Heat Exchanger Exergy Efficiency Cryogenic System Cryogenic Liquid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evgeny Ivanovich Mikulin
    • 1
  1. 1.Baumann InstituteMoscow Technical High SchoolMoscowUSSR

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