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Acoustic Communication in the Guinea Fowl (Numida Meleagris)

  • H. Scheich
  • W. Bock
  • D. Bonke
  • G. Langner
  • V. Maier
Part of the NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 56)

Abstract

Similar to other forms of communication acoustic signal exchange represents a special case among behaviors, relying on instant interactions of at least two neuronal systems. It is evident that this type of interaction with alternating roles of the nervous systems as signal emitters and receivers requires particular adaptations, notably mechanisms in the auditory and vocal motor systems for rapid identification and localization of signals, evaluation of meaning, switching to relevant responses and various feedbacks to distinguish own from foreign signals. Thus, acoustic communication research is a branch of neuroethology in its own rights with a great number of detail aspects of brain mechanisms which may not be grasped in other fields. Furthermore, it is hard to deny that during phylogeny acoustic communication was most successful, ultimately evolving into human speech. Among the numerous advantages of acoustic signalling, like independence from daylight, the minor influence of obstacles on sound propagation, and the large distances which can be covered, the independence of vocalizations from any ongoing motor activity — in the human the independence from the hand-eye interaction during tool making and using — may be the reason for this success. Consequently, there is an almost compulsory interest in the evolution of acoustic communication.

Keywords

Call Type Acoustic Communication Guinea Fowl Call Group Vocal Repertoire 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Scheich
    • 1
  • W. Bock
    • 1
  • D. Bonke
    • 1
  • G. Langner
    • 1
  • V. Maier
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für ZoologieTechnische Hochschule DarmstadtDarmstadtF.R. of Germany

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