Advertisement

A Cerebral Asymmetry in Olfactory Control of Social Huddling by Infant Hamsters

  • Christiana M. Leonard
Part of the NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 56)

Abstract

Pups of the altricial species, Mesocricetus auratus, are born with little metabolic capacity for heat production (Hissa, 1968). Fortunately, they are endowed with a well developed mechanism for thermotaxis (Leonard, 1974). They orient and locomote toward the warm side of weak thermal gradients, becoming quiescent when their temperature starts to rise. This behavior presumably keeps them in the nest, close to their mother, an important source of heat. In an experimental situation (Leonard, 1982) young pups prefer contact with the warm end to huddling together with littermates. This is adaptive since their littermates are exothermic and do not provide an adequate source of heat.

Keywords

Olfactory Bulb Ventral Striatum Olfactory Tubercle Brain Asymmetry Cerebral Asymmetry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Crandall, J.E., and Leonard, C.M., 1979, Developmental changes in thermal and olfactory influences on golden hamster pups. Behav. Neur. Biol., 26:354–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Denenberg, V.H., Garbanati, J., Sherman, G., Yetzey, D.A., and Kaplan, C., 1978, Infantile stimulation induces brain lateralization in rats. Science, 37:1150–1152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Devor, N., and Schneider, G.E., 1974, Attraction to home-cage odor in hamster pups: Specificity and change with age. Behav. Biol., 20:211–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Galaburda, A.M., LeMay, M., Kemper, T.L., and Geschwind, N., 1978, Right-left asymmetries in the brain. Science, 199:852–856.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Geschwind, N., and Levitsky, W., 1968, Human brain: Left-right asymmetries in temporal speech region. Science, 161:186–187.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Glick, S.D., Jerussi, T.P., Waters, D.H., and Green, J.P., 1974, Amphetamine-induced changes in striatal dopamine and acetylcholine levels and relationship rotation (circling behavior) in rats. Biochem. Pharmacol., 23:3223–3225.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Grafe, M.R., and Leonard, C.M., 1982, Developmental changes in the topographical distribution of cells contributing to the lateral olfactory tract. Develop. Brain Res., (in press).Google Scholar
  8. Heilman, K., and Valenstein, E., 1978, “Clinical Neuropsychology”, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Heimer, L., 1978, The olfactory cortex and the ventral striatum, in “Limbic Mechanisms: The Continuing Evolution of the Limbic System Concept”, K.E. Livingston and O. Hornykiewicz, eds., Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Hinds, J.W., 1972, Early neuron differentiation in the mouse olfactory bulb II. Electron microscopy. J. Comp. Neurol. 146:253–276.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hissa, R., 1968, Postnatal development of thermoregulation in the Norwegian lemming and the golden hamster. Ann. Zool. Fenn., 5:354–383.Google Scholar
  12. Hoover, D.B., Muth, E.A., and Jacobowitz, D.M., 1978, A mapping of the distribution of acetylcholine, choline acetyltransferase, and acetylcholinesterase in discrete areas of rat brain. Brain Res., 153:295–306.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kent, J., Herkenham, M., and Pert, C., 1982, Autoradiographic visualization of opiate receptor development in the rat. Develop. Brain Res., (in press).Google Scholar
  14. Leonard, C.M., 1974, Thermotaxis in golden hamster pups. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol., 86:458–469.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Leonard, C.M., 1975, Developmental changes in olfactory bulb projections revealed by degeneration argyrophilia. J. Comp. Neurol., 162:467–486.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Leonard, C.M., 1978, Maturational loss of thermotaxis prevented by olfactory lesions in golden hamster pups (Mesocricetus auratus). J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol., 92:1084–1094.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Leonard, C.M., 1982, Shifting strategies for behavioral thermoregulation in developing golden hamsters. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol., 96:234.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Leonard, C.M., Williamson, M., and Freund, G., 1981, Asymmetrical effects of early olfactory bulb lesion: Is the hamster brain lateralized? Soc. Neurosci. Abstr., 7:391.Google Scholar
  19. Lewis, M.E., Mishkin, M., Bragin, E., Brown, R.M., Pert, C.B., and Pert, A., 1981, Opiate receptor gradients in monkey cerebral cortex: Correspondence with sensory processing hierarchies. Science, 211:1166–1169.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lowry, O.H., Rosebrough, N.J., Barr, A.L., and Randall, R.J., 1951, Protein measurement with the Folin phenol reagent. J. Biol. Chem., 193:265–275.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Morgan, M., 1977, Embryology and inheritance of asymmetry, in: “Lateralization in the Nervous System”, S. Harnad, ed., Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  22. Nottebohm, F., Stokes, T.M., and Leonard, C.M., 1976, Central control of song in the canary (Serinus canarius). J. Comp. Neurol., 165:457–486.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Richman, L., Ribak, C.E., Isaacs, S., Houser, C.R., and Fallon, J.H., 1980, Multiple neurotransmitter studies in the islands of Calleja complex of the basal forebrain. Soc. Neurosci. Abstr., 6:114.Google Scholar
  24. Robinson, R.G., and Coyle, J.T., 1979, Lateralization of catecholaminergic and behavioral response to cerebral infarction in the rat., Life Sci., 24:943–950.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Robinson, T.E., Becker, J.B., and Ramirez, V.D., 1980, Sex differences in amphetamine-elicited rotational behavior and the lateralization of striatal dopamine in rats. Brain Res. Bull., 5:539–545.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ross, D.A., Glick, S.D., and Meibach, R.C., 1981, Sexually dimorphic brain and behavioral asymmetries in the neonatal rat. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 78:1958–1961.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Schoenfeld, T.A., and Leonard, C.M., 1979, Postnatal synaptic development in the olfactory tubercle of the golden hamster. Anat. Rec, 193:677.Google Scholar
  28. Schoenfeld, T.A., Street, C.K., and Leonard, C.M., 1980, Maturation of Wallerian degeneration: An EM study in the olfactory tubercle. Soc. Neurosci. Abstr., 5:177.Google Scholar
  29. Schwob, J.E., and Price, J.L., 1978, The cortical projection of the olfactory bulb: Development in fetal and neonatal rats correlated with quantitative variations in adult rats. Brain Res., 151:369–374.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ungerstedt, U., 1971, Stereotaxic mapping of monomine pathways in the rat brain. Acta Physol. Scand. Suppl., 367:1–44.Google Scholar
  31. Westrum, L.E., 1980, Electron microscopy of synaptic structures in olfactory cortex of early postnatal rats. J. Neurocytol., 4:713–732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wirsig, C.R., Morasco, J., and Leonard, C.M., 1981, Intracellular accumulation of AChE induced by early olfactory bulb lesions: Intralitter similarities. Soc. Neurosci. Abstr., 7:398.Google Scholar
  33. Yamamura, H.I., and Snyder, S.H., 1974, Muscarinic cholinergic binding in rat brain, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 71:1725.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christiana M. Leonard
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeuroscienceUniversity of Florida, College of MedicineGainesvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations