Neuroethological Analysis of the Innate Releasing Mechanism for Prey-Catching Behavior in Toads

  • Jörg-Peter Ewert
  • Harald Burghagen
  • Evelyn Schürg-Pfeiffer
Part of the NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 56)


The ontogeny of amphibians to some extent resembles the transition of vertebrates from an aquatic to a terrestrial life during early evolutionary history. These animals provide some of the classical preparations in research of the relationship between structure and function. Studies of nerve conduction, neuromuscular transmission, neural integration, sense organs, development, regeneration, and functional plasticity — to cite a few examples from neurobiological research — have been obtained in great detail in the frog and provide one of the most complete descriptions of a vertebrate nervous system (Llinas and Precht, 1976). On the basis of those studies concepts have been developed with regard to our understanding of comparable functions at higher levels of differentiation and integration in vertebrates with a more complex organization.


Optic Tectum Common Toad Command System Bufo Bufo Tectal Neuron 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jörg-Peter Ewert
    • 1
  • Harald Burghagen
    • 1
  • Evelyn Schürg-Pfeiffer
    • 1
  1. 1.Arbeitsgruppe Neuroethologie und Biokybernetik, FB 19Universität des Landes Hessen, GhKKasselF.R. of Germany

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