Specialization of Visual Functions for Different Retinal Areas in the Pigeon

  • Susana Bloch
  • Carlos Martinoya
Part of the NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 56)


The pigeon’s field of view is largely panoramic. The eyes, placed laterally cover about 320deg, each eye surveying more than 180deg of visual angle. In spite of the large separation of the optic axes, a 30deg binocular overlap has been recently confirmed (Martinoya et al., 1981). Pigeons seem to look at near objects with their frontal binocular field and at distant objects with their lateral monocular fields. This would correspond to a “trident model of vision” as proposed by Rochon-Duvigneaud (1943).


Visual Acuity Psychometric Function Optic Tectum Area Dorsalis Central Fovea 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susana Bloch
    • 1
  • Carlos Martinoya
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Psychophysiologie SensorielleUniversite Pierre et Marie CurieParis Cedex 05France

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