The Use of In Vitro Techniques in Groundnut Improvement

  • D. C. Sastri
  • J. P. Moss
  • M. Nalini
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 22)

Abstract

Genetic improvement of crops by utilization of characters from wild species, which often have desirable traits not present in the cultivated forms, has been the subject of serious attention. The interspecific transfer of genes has not always been simple and straightforward because of reproductive barriers and genetic incompatibility. This is true in the genus Arachis where a number of species have been identified as sources of resistance to fungal and viral pathogens as well as to insect pests (1). A few species have been crossed with A. hypogaea and their derivatives produced (1–4), but there are a number of species which are not crossable with groundnut (5). This limits the scope for crop improvement, and the situation necessitates the adoption of existing methods, or development of new ones for the production of hybrids following these desirable wide crosses.

Keywords

Hull Kinetin Arachis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. C. Sastri
    • 1
  • J. P. Moss
    • 1
  • M. Nalini
    • 1
  1. 1.International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)PatancheruIndia

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