In Vitro Propagation of Apple

  • G. S. Cheema
  • D. P. Sharma
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 22)


The apple industry is undergoing change throughout the world. The old established cultivars like Delicious are giving way to new compact spur types that hold the advantage of producing more fruit of better quality per unit land area per unit time in high density planting systems (1). Breeding programs also are producing new cultivars which are more attractive, high yielding, insect and pest resistant, and are of better storage quality (2 — 7). Such cultivars, however, are available in limited quantity and it is just not possible to multiply trees at a faster rate, since most of scion cultivars are difficult to root from shoot cuttings. The alternative method of producing shoots on root cuttings has also proved quite unsuitable (8). In nursery, apple scion cultivars are propagated by budding or grafting onto seedlings from seeds or vegetatively propagated root stocks which themselves are raised by stooling or layering; a process that usually takes three years.


Adventitious Shoot Axillary Shoot Apple Cultivar Root Cutting Apple Rootstock 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. S. Cheema
    • 1
  • D. P. Sharma
    • 1
  1. 1.Regional Fruit Research StationMashobra, SimlaIndia

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