The process of gradation is responsible for both the wearing-down or “wasting” of the surface of the earth (degradation) and the building-up of the earth’s surface by deposition (aggradation). The most common gradational agents are chemical and physical weathering and erosion, and transportation and deposition by running water, wind, glacial ice, and landslides. These agents and processes are often referred to as surficial processes inasmuch as they are most significant in influencing the surface of the earth rather than the deeper parts of the earth’s crust. In this chapter we will consider the legal aspects of landslide activity and subsidence, and in chapter 23 we will turn our attention toward the legal implications of erosion and deposition by running water and waves.
KeywordsWater Distribution System Good Faith Water Company Trial Court English Rule
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