Ore Genesis, Classification, and Exploitation

  • Ronald W. Tank


As we have seen in Chapter 7, water rights law recognizes distinct classes of water, and different legal theories have been established for each class and for different geographic occurrences of water. Although this approach allows for flexibility in dealing with different environments, it fails to recognize the realities of the hydrologic cycle and can be an obstacle to a comprehensive approach toward regulating water use. Historically, mineral law also recognizes distinct classes of mineral deposits with different rules and hypotheses for each class. Early efforts to develop a legal system for the mining profession focused on the shallow vein-type deposits and on the placer deposits that were being mined, and incorporated the terminology and practices of the practical miner and local mining districts. The realities of the rock cycle, the principles of ore genesis, and the greater variety of mineral deposits were not considered, and this has had a significant impact on some controversies and on the development of mineral law. An understanding of the basic principles of ore genesis and deposition is essential to an understanding of the terms of the “practical miner,” those of the mining geologist, and the theories of mining law.


Country Rock Gradational Agent Magmatic Body Hydrothermal Deposit Strip Mining 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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References and Suggested Reading

  1. Bateman, A. (1950), Economic Mineral Deposits, 2nd ed., Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  2. Bates, R. (1969), Geology of the Industrial Rocks and Minerals, Dover Publications, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Lamey, C. (1966), Metallic and Industrial Mineral Deposits, McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Levorsen, A. (1967), Geology of Petroleum, 2nd ed., Freeman, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  5. McKinstry, H., et aI. (1948), Mining Geology, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.Google Scholar
  6. Park, C., Jr., and MacDiarmid, R. (1975), Ore Deposits, 3rd ed., Freeman, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  7. Peele, R., ed. (1941), Mining Engineers’ Handbook, Wiley, New York, Vol. 1, Sec. 10, pp. 123–132.Google Scholar
  8. Riley, C. (1959), Our Mineral Resources, Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  9. U.S. Bureau of Mines and U.S. Geological Survey (1980), Principles of a resource/reserve classification for minerals, U.S. Geological Survey Circular 831.Google Scholar
  10. U.S. Department of the Interior, Strip and Surface Mine Study Policy Committee (1967), Surface Mining, and Our Environment, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald W. Tank
    • 1
  1. 1.Lawrence UniversityAppletonUSA

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