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Abstract

Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonie acid) was first discovered in ox bile and subsequently in virtually all animals, many higher plants, molds, and bacteria.1 In the liver, the conjugation of taurine with cholic acid has long been known, but its other possible physiological functions are less clear. It has been considered an osmoregulator in marine animals,2 a stabilizer of muscle membranes,3 a regulator of cardiac excitability,4 an inhibitory neurotransmitter or -modulator in the brain and retina,5 and has been assigned a number of related regulatory functions in the CNS.6 Such intriguing hypotheses have lately prompted extensive investigation. Four recent international symposia have focused solely on taurine,7–10 and a number of review articles have appeared on the subject.5,11–16

Keywords

Cysteic Acid Taurine Level Taurine Transport Taurine Concentration Taurine Release 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. S. Oja
    • 1
  • Pirjo Kontro
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical SciencesUniversity of TampereTampereFinland

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