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Fatty Acids and Cholesterol

  • Lloyd A. Horrocks
  • Hubert W. Harder

Abstract

Many new areas of research on fatty acids and less-polar Lipids have developed since the first edition of this handbook. Among these are the studies on α oxidation of very-long-chain fatty acids by Kishimoto’s group and on regulation of fatty acid and cholesterol synthesis by Volpe’s group. It is now recognized that cholesterol in the brain is not inert but exchanges with plasma cholesterol at a slow rate. The exchange of free fatty acids between plasma and brain seems to be a rapid process. Ketone bodies are major sources of the carbon atoms for lipogenesis during development. The rapid metabolism and possible role of triacylglycerols in supplying acyl groups for glycerophospholipid synthesis have been recognized. Cultures of individual cell types, particularly oligodendroglia, are becoming valuable for studies of lipid metabolism. Normal brain contains very low levels of free fatty acids, but they are liberated rapidly by ischemia and other injuries.

Keywords

Free Fatty Acid Cholesteryl Ester Fatty Acid Synthesis Cholesterol Synthesis Ketone Body 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lloyd A. Horrocks
    • 1
  • Hubert W. Harder
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physiological ChemistryThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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