The Radioprotective Effect of Bacterial Endotoxin

  • Ulrich H. Behling


The exposure of a mammal to a single whole-body dose of rapidly delivered ionizing radiation of approximately 100 R or more results in the development of a complex set of clinical signs and symptoms that are collectively termed the acute radiation syndrome (Cronkite, 1964; Wald et al., 1962). The time of onset, nature, and severity of this syndrome are a function of the total exposure dose, quality of radiation, and many variables related to the irradiated host. In most of the experimental work described here, X- or γ-radiation was delivered uniformly to the entire body in a single exposure lasting on the order of minutes. The dosage of radiation in these experiments fell within the range of threshold lethal, for this represents the minimum amount of radiation causing death within 30 days of exposure. Peak incidence of mortality for the midlethal dose (LD50/30) generally occurs between 10 and 14 days following irradiation. Whole-body irradiation in this dose range produces a complex series of physiological disturbances and morphological changes that are the cumulative results of radiation-induced damage or death of individual cells.


Bacterial Endotoxin Irradiate Mouse Radioprotective Effect Hemopoietic Tissue Radioprotective Property 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrich H. Behling
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Oyster Creek Nuclear Cenerating StationForked RiverUSA
  2. 2.School of Dental MedicineUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaPennsylvaniaUSA

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