Syntheses of Nitrogenous Materials by RF Plasmas

  • T. L. Ward
  • O. Hinojosa
  • R. R. Benerito
Part of the Polymer Science and Technology book series (PST, volume 20)


Radiofrequency (rf) plasmas of argon, nitrogen or air have been used to make cotton more absorbent of either oil or water1. Free radical sites created on the substrate by the plasma picked up oxygen from moisture or air to chemiluminesce and the electron spin resonance (ESR) signal intensity was inversely related to the chemiluminescence (CL). The free radicals could initiate polymerization some time after plasma irradiation was stopped.2 Irradiation of cotton with any of the aforementioned plasmas resulted in addition of nitrogen to the cotton. The nitrogen was readily detected by electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA), but was not detected by multiple internal reflectance spectroscopy (MIR). Except for hydrogen produced by plasma effects on cotton or derived from water adsorbed on the walls of the reactor, there was none in those plasma systems.


Electron Spin Resonance Cotton Fabric Electron Spin Resonance Signal Ammonia Plasma Electron Spin Resonance Signal Intensity 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. L. Ward
    • 1
  • O. Hinojosa
    • 1
  • R. R. Benerito
    • 1
  1. 1.Southern Regional Research Center, Agriculture Research ServiceU.S. Department of AgricultureNew OrleansUSA

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