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Photothermal Degradation of Ethylene/Vinylacetate Copolymer

  • R. H. Liang
  • S. Chung
  • A. Clayton
  • S. Di Stefano
  • K. Oda
  • S. D. Hong
  • A. Gupta
Part of the Polymer Science and Technology book series (PST, volume 20)

Abstract

Ethylene/vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA), which has desirable elastomeric properties, low material cost and easy processability, is being considered as a candidate encapsulation material for photovoltaic modules. However, without protection from UV irradiation, EVA is expected to undergo photodegradation similar to that encountered in polyethylene and polyvinylacetate· We have carried out photothermal degradation studies of a “stabilized” formulation of EVA in the temperature range of 25°C to lO5°C under different oxygen environments. At low temperature (25°C), slow photooxidation occurred via electronic energy transfer involving the UV absorber incorporated in the polymer. But no change in physical properties of the bulk polymer can be detected up to 1500 hours of irradiation. At elevated temperature, leaching/evaporation of additives took place leading ultimately to chemical crosslinking of the co-polymer and formation of volatile photoproducts such as acetic acid.

Keywords

Outdoor Exposure Ethylene Vinyl Acetate Weight Loss Data Acetate Copolymer Photovoltaic Module 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Carroll, W. and Coulbert, C., Cuddihy, E., Gupta, A., and Liang, R., “Photovoltaic Module Encapsulation Design and Material Selection: Volume I,” JPL Internal Document No. 5101–177, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, November 1, 1981.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cuddihy, Edward F., “Encapsulation Materials Status to December 1979,” JPL Internal Document No. 5101–144, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, January 15, 1980.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Di Stefano, S., “Photocatalytic Degradation of a Cross-linked Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) Elastomer,” Polymer Preprints, 21, 178 (1980).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. H. Liang
    • 1
  • S. Chung
    • 1
  • A. Clayton
    • 1
  • S. Di Stefano
    • 1
  • K. Oda
    • 1
  • S. D. Hong
    • 1
  • A. Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA

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