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Cancer of the Kidney: Staging

  • G. D. Chisholm
  • J. R. Hindmarsh
  • D. C. Grieve
Part of the NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 53)

Abstract

Staging methods for carcinoma of the kidney continue to be debated due mainly to the difficulty in characterising any deep seated tumour and especially one that is located in the retro-peritoneum. The main staging system, widely used in Europe and N. America, was popularised by Robson et al (1). Four stages are described:-
  1. Stage 1:

    Tumour within the capsule of the kidney Stage

     
  2. Stage 2:

    Tumour has invaded the perinephric fat but is confined within Gerota’s fascia

     
  3. Stage 3:

    Tumour involvement of regional nodes and/or renal vein and cava

     
  4. Stage 4:

    Tumour involves adjacent organs or there are distant metastases

     

Keywords

Renal Cell Carcinoma Renal Vein Renal Tumour Radical Nephrectomy Renal Carcinoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. D. Chisholm
    • 1
  • J. R. Hindmarsh
    • 1
  • D. C. Grieve
    • 1
  1. 1.Western General HospitalEdinburghScotland

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